Rhodonite


rhodonite-mineral rhodonite-cabochon

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Ruby


Ruby – International Crystals Encyclopedia https://www.gemzworld.com/

 

Originthe place or situation from which something comes, the beginning of something’s existence, the point from which it starts out, the thing from which it is ultimately derived.
Ruby is a variety of the aluminium oxide mineral, Corundum. The mineral tpically forms within metamorphic rocks however as mining in some cases is not economically viable from these primary deposits, they can be sourced from secondary deposits where they have settled away from their primary sedimentary source.

 

Only around 1% of natural rubies found are of gem quality. They are typically picked and separated from other minerals and gravel in river sediments. The hue of the ruby colour is generally determined by the location in which the crystal is sourced as it is defined by the impurities that form within the Corundum.

 

All crystals belong to a different group according to the basis of the relationships of their axes. There are 7 systems and 32 classes of symmetry. Ruby crystals belong to the Trigonal system.

 

Historythe past considered as a whole, the whole series of past events connected with someone or sometihing, a continuous typically chronological record of importance.
The name ruby is derived from the Latin, ruber, which signifies red. It is said to be one of the twelve most precious stones created by God. The Ruby has also been hailed as the King of Precious Stones. This is what the ancient language of Sanskrit calls it as referred to by the name ratnaraj.

 

The stone was mentioned way back in the first Century AD by the philosopher and scholor Pliny who described it by its hardness and density. In ancient Hindu times the Ruby was offered to the God, Krishna in  the belief that they would then be destined to be re-born as emporers.

 

In the Western world the Ruby was considered to be a high class, Royal gem worn by the upper classes in the wish for love, wealth and wisdom.

 

One of the largest sources of rubies was Burma, now Myanmar where one of the largest rubies in the world was mined. This Burmese ruby was donated to the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History by the philanthropist, Peter Buck, in memory of his late wife. The largest mined ruby though was the Liberty Bell Ruby which was stolen in a heist in 2011.

 

The Ruby is still a highly sought gem throughout the world, with many man-made synethtic variations in circulation.

Specificationthe act of describing or identifying something precisely, a detailed description of the design and materials used to make something.
 

The ruby is one of the hardest natural gems, measuring 9 on the Mohs scale rating of hardness. Only diamond and moissanite are harder. It has a conchoidal, splintery fracture with a brittle tenacity and a subadamantine, vitreous, pearly luster.

 

The natural gem should have needle type, rutile inclusions (silk) and, if not, that indicates that the stone has been treated. The quality of the natural ruby is also defined by its colour shade with the most sought after being the brightest, pigeon blood red. Rubies can also display chatoyancy or a cats eye reflection.

 

 

Varietiesa number or range of things of the same general class that are different or distinct in character or quality.
Ruby is a variety of the mineral Conundrum, the other variety being Saphire.

 

Esoteric Attributesa quality or feature as characteristic of or possed by something.
Crystals by their very nature are able to receive and focus energy in different ways. Their molecular structure enables them to be used to amplify and convert energy and hence crystals have been used for centuries to aid healing and transmute energy both in the metaphysical and physical world.

 

Because each crystal family has different formational backgrounds, each also has different vibrational frequencies that can be harnesed and used for specific purposes. Each therefore have specific qualities that can be used to help a person heal on the many different levels of their being.

 

The following is a list of healing attributes associated with Ruby crystals.

 

Mental: The Ruby is an aid to the determination to commit to something. It also enhances performance.
Emotional: The Ruby is a promoter of courage and bravery , it also strengthens virtue and enhances the passion and joie de vivre for life.
Physical: The Ruby is a stimulator of the adrenal glands, sexual organs and circulation. It increases blood pressure and fever.

 

Crystal Chart – Ruby

 

Crystal: Ruby
Mineralogy: Corundum
Geometric form: Trigonal
Formation: Primary sometimes Tertiary
Family: Corundum
Birthstone: Ruby is associated with those born in the month of July. It is also associated with the astrological sign of Capricorn.
Appearance: Conchoidal, splintery fracture with a brittle tenacity. A hard stone that measures 9 on the Mohs Scale Rating.
Aura: Ruby shields the aura from negative and psychic attack. It is a stimulator of energy and allows for sharper energy communication.
Colour: Various hues of red.
Chakra: Ruby is primarily associated with the Root Chakra stimulating energy flow and fortifying the ability to manifest desires and dreams.

 

 

 

International Crystals – References and resources:

 

Michael Gienger, Healing Crystals, Earthdancer Books, 2009

The Columbia Encyclopedia, Crystal, 6th ed. 2014

World of Earth Science, Quartz, 2003

Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology, Crystal Healing, 2001

http://gemstone-dictionary.com/birthstones-by-month.php

New Oxford American Dictionary

 

 

 

 

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Sapphire


Sapphire – International Crystals Encyclopedia https://www.gemzworld.com/

 

 
 
Originthe place or situation from which something comes, the beginning of something’s existence, the point from which it starts out, the thing from which it is ultimately derived.
Sapphire is an aluminium oxide and is a variety of the mineral, Corundum. The crystals are mined from alluvial deposits and are found naturally by searching through sediments and rock formations as sometimes they may be difficult to mine from their primary source.

 

Though typically of a startling blue hue, the colour of the Sapphire may vary due to the impurity traces that can form within the mineral. Iron, titanium, chromium, copper and magnesium can turn a saphire blue, yellow, purple, orange and green respectively.

 

Large Sapphire deposits are mainly found in Thailand, Eastern Australia, North America, Madagascar, Eastern Africa and Sri Lanka.

 

All crystals belong to a different group according to the basis of the relationships of their axes. There are 7 systems and 32 classes of symmetry. Sapphire crystals belong to the Trigonal system.

 

 
Historythe past considered as a whole, the whole series of past events connected with someone or sometihing, a continuous typically chronological record of importance.
The term Sapphire is said to be derived from a variety of ancient word sources. Some say it comes from Sanskrit where it is reffered to as Shanipriya. Shani means Saturn and Priya means dear. Hence the meaning ‘dear to Saturn’.

 

Others say the word derives from the Hebrew Sappir, the Greek, Sappheiros or the Latin, Sapphirus.

 

It is known to be one of the twelve precious stones featured in the High Priest of Israel’s breastplate whilst serving in the Holy Temple.

 

The ancient Persians were convinced that the world lay against a giant crystal of Sapphire hence the reflective blue in the colour of the sky. The Royalty of ancient Rome and Greece wore the Sapphire as a protection from evil and jealousy whilst the religious elders of the Middle Ages wore the Sapphire as a symbol of heaven.

 

In recent jtimes, the Sapphire has consistently been popular with Royalty. In England, both Princess Anne and Diana received engagement rings of Sapphire and cite it as a representation of wise and pure leadership.

 

 

 
Specificationthe act of describing or identifying something precisely, a detailed description of the design and materials used to make something.
Sapphire crystals have a conchoidal, splintery fracture with a vitreous luster. They are the third hardest mineral, after diamond and moissanite, and measures a resounding 9.0 on the Mohs scale rating of hardness.

 

Some Sapphires (typically known as Star Sapphires) can project a star like reflection when viewed from overhead light which is known as asterism and can be caused by rutile trace inclusions of titanium dioxide.

 

The colour types of Sapphires are determined by the trace impurities formed within, usually signified by the geographical location of the deposits.

 

Sapphires are widely used in jewellery from the past to the present day and are also used in a variety of infrared optical components.

 

 
Varietiesa number or range of things of the same general class that are different or distinct in character or quality.
There are many different varieties of Saphire mainly determined by colour, these include and are not limited to;

 

  • Padparadscha
  • Star Sapphire
  • Yellow Sapphire
  • Green Sapphire
  • Pink Sapphire

 

 

 
Esoteric Attributesa quality or feature as characteristic of or possed by something.
Crystals by their very nature are able to receive and focus energy in different ways. Their molecular structure enables them to be used to amplify and convert energy and hence crystals have been used for centuries to aid healing and transmute energy both in the metaphysical and physical world.

 

Because each crystal family has different formational backgrounds, each also has different vibrational frequencies that can be harnesed and used for specific purposes. Each therefore have specific qualities that can be used to help a person heal on the many different levels of their being.

 

The following is a list of healing attributes associated with Sapphire crystals.

 

Mental: Sapphire is a stone of wisdom that fortifies the ability to focus the thoughts on collective life goals.
 
Emotional: Sapphire brings an inner focus and calm that remains strong. It is a spiritual stone that brings the power of wisdom and astuteness.
 
Physical: Sapphire crystals reduce blood pressure and the onslaught of fever. It is also used to strengthen the nerves and provides relief from pain.
 

 

Crystal Chart – Sapphire

 

Crystal: Sapphire
Mineralogy: Aluminium Oxide | Corundum
Geometric form: Trigonal
Formation: Primary | Tertiary
Family: Corundum
Birthstone: Sapphire is the Birthstone of September and is primarily associated with the astrological sign of Virgo.
Appearance: Conchoidal, splintery fracture with a vitreous luster. The Saphire is the third hardest stone with a Mohs scale rating of 9.0.
Aura: Sapphire is used as a channel facilitator, channelling energies from the higher realms. It is used to boost spiritual and psychic energy and power.
Colour: Mainly a deep blue, vibrant hue, Sapphires can also be found in many other colours determined by the trace impurity within.
Chakra: Sapphires are primarily associated with the Throat Chakra and is also associated with the Third Eye and Crown Chakras. It is widely used for Chakra healing.

 

 

 

International Crystals – References and resources:

 

Michael Gienger, Healing Crystals, Earthdancer Books, 2009

The Columbia Encyclopedia, Crystal, 6th ed. 2014

World of Earth Science, Quartz, 2003

Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology, Crystal Healing, 2001

http://gemstone-dictionary.com/birthstones-by-month.php

New Oxford American Dictionary

 

 

 

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Thulite


8a7df90afcd32925c9f211fefef0020fthulitt

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Tiger Eye


Falcon’s Eye | Blue Tiger’s Eye – International Crystals Encyclopedia https://www.gemzworld.com/

 

 
 
Originthe place or situation from which something comes, the beginning of something’s existence, the point from which it starts out, the thing from which it is ultimately derived.
Blue Tiger’s Eye also known as Falcon’s Eye or Hawks Eye is a member of the Quartz family of minerals of the silicates class.It is a crystal of primary formation which means it was formed from molten magma. This usualy happens in cavities in volcanoes where the combination of chemistry and structural arrangements of mineral deposits, atoms and substances pass from gas or liquid into a solid state or by means of going out of solution by precipitation or evaporation.

 

Blue Tiger’s Eye is formed when crocidolite (blue asbestos) parrallel veins are pseudomorphously replaced with silica acid.

 

All crystals belong to a different group according to the basis of the relationships of their axes. There are 7 systems and 32 classes of symmetry. Blue Tiger’s Eye crystals belong to the Trigonal system.

 

 
Historythe past considered as a whole, the whole series of past events connected with someone or sometihing, a continuous typically chronological record of importance.
Cannot find history of blue tigers eye

 

Mined in Australia with othere deposits found in south africa, east asia and the US states of Arizona and California

 

 
Specificationthe act of describing or identifying something precisely, a detailed description of the design and materials used to make something.
Blue Tiger’s Eye is known for its chatoyancy as it’s fibrous structure emits a silky lustre that appears changeable in shape/pattern as the light reflects on the fibrous bands.

 

The stone is on the harder side of the Mohs scale with a rating of 6.5-7 and has a fibrous fracture with opaque transaparency. The stones are ususally cut en cabochon so that their reflective chatoyancy is exhibited to its best.

 
Varietiesa number or range of things of the same general class that are different or distinct in character or quality.
Blue Tiger’s Eye is a variety of Tiger’s Eye and is associated with the names;

 

  • Hawk’s Eye
  • Falcon’s Eye
  • Pietersite

 

 

 
Esoteric Attributesa quality or feature as characteristic of or possed by something.
Crystals by their very nature are able to receive and focus energy in different ways. Their molecular structure enables them to be used to amplify and convert energy and hence crystals have been used for centuries to aid healing and transmute energy both in the metaphysical and physical world.

 

Because each crystal family has different formational backgrounds, each also has different vibrtional frequencies that can be harnesed and used for specific purposes. Each therefore have specific qualities that can be used to help a person heal on the many different levels of their being.

 

The following is a list of healing attributes associated with Blue Tiger’s Eye crystals.

 

Mental: Blue Tiger’s Eye is a fantastic aid to ensure clarity in decision making. It allows you to assume a full, clear overview of a difficult situation.
 
Emotional: The crystal is a help for nervousness and inner restlessness. It allows you to let go of inner stress. It is a stone of balance that calms and relieves negativity.
 
Physical: Blue Tiger’s Eye is an aid to reducing hormonal hyperactivity as it is known to slow down the metabolism. It can relieve pain and help to calm shivering.
 

 

Crystal Chart – Blue Tiger’s Eye

 

Crystal: Blue Tiger’s Eye
Mineralogy: Bluish Black Fibrous Quartz
Geometric form: Trigonal
Formation: Primary (moltan magma)
Family: Quartz | Silicates
Birthstone: Blue Tiger’s Eye is associated with the Astrological signs of Capricorn and Leo.
Apperance:  Fibrous fracture with opaque transaparency. Strong chatoyancy and a Mohs scale rating of 6.5 -7.
Aura: Blue Tiger’s Eye helps to open the channels of clarity around the aura that brings calmness and balance to the energies.
Colour: Blue Tiger’s Eye appears as a striking blueish black colour.
Chakra: The crystal is associated primarily with the Third Eye Chakra and also the throat chakra. It brings clarity and alignment for balance and allows for clear communication.

 

 

 

International Crystals – References and resources:

 

Michael Gienger, Healing Crystals, Earthdancer Books, 2009

The Columbia Encyclopedia, Crystal, 6th ed. 2014

World of Earth Science, Quartz, 2003

Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology, Crystal Healing, 2001

http://gemstone-dictionary.com/birthstones-by-month.php

New Oxford American Dictionary

 

 

 

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Tiger Iron


Strom2    download (6)

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Falcons Eye


Falcon’s Eye | Blue Tiger’s Eye – International Crystals Encyclopedia https://www.gemzworld.com/

 

 
 
Originthe place or situation from which something comes, the beginning of something’s existence, the point from which it starts out, the thing from which it is ultimately derived.
Blue Tiger’s Eye also known as Falcon’s Eye or Hawks Eye is a member of the Quartz family of minerals of the silicates class.It is a crystal of primary formation which means it was formed from molten magma. This usualy happens in cavities in volcanoes where the combination of chemistry and structural arrangements of mineral deposits, atoms and substances pass from gas or liquid into a solid state or by means of going out of solution by precipitation or evaporation.

 

Blue Tiger’s Eye is formed when crocidolite (blue asbestos) parrallel veins are pseudomorphously replaced with silica acid.

 

All crystals belong to a different group according to the basis of the relationships of their axes. There are 7 systems and 32 classes of symmetry. Blue Tiger’s Eye crystals belong to the Trigonal system.

 

 
Historythe past considered as a whole, the whole series of past events connected with someone or something, a continuous typically chronological record of importance.
 

Mined in Australia with othere deposits found in south africa, east asia and the US states of Arizona and California

 

 
Specificationthe act of describing or identifying something precisely, a detailed description of the design and materials used to make something.
Blue Tiger’s Eye is known for its chatoyancy as it’s fibrous structure emits a silky lustre that appears changeable in shape/pattern as the light reflects on the fibrous bands.

 

The stone is on the harder side of the Mohs scale with a rating of 6.5-7 and has a fibrous fracture with opaque transaparency. The stones are ususally cut en cabochon so that their reflective chatoyancy is exhibited to its best.

 
Varietiesa number or range of things of the same general class that are different or distinct in character or quality.
Blue Tiger’s Eye is a variety of Tiger’s Eye and is associated with the names;

 

  • Hawk’s Eye
  • Falcon’s Eye
  • Pietersite

 

 

 
Esoteric Attributesa quality or feature as characteristic of or possed by something.
Crystals by their very nature are able to receive and focus energy in different ways. Their molecular structure enables them to be used to amplify and convert energy and hence crystals have been used for centuries to aid healing and transmute energy both in the metaphysical and physical world.

 

Because each crystal family has different formational backgrounds, each also has different vibrtional frequencies that can be harnesed and used for specific purposes. Each therefore have specific qualities that can be used to help a person heal on the many different levels of their being.

 

The following is a list of healing attributes associated with Blue Tiger’s Eye crystals.

 

Mental: Blue Tiger’s Eye is a fantastic aid to ensure clarity in decision making. It allows you to assume a full, clear overview of a difficult situation.
 
Emotional: The crystal is a help for nervousness and inner restlessness. It allows you to let go of inner stress. It is a stone of balance that calms and relieves negativity.
 
Physical: Blue Tiger’s Eye is an aid to reducing hormonal hyperactivity as it is known to slow down the metabolism. It can relieve pain and help to calm shivering.
 

 

Crystal Chart – Blue Tiger’s Eye

 

Crystal: Blue Tiger’s Eye
Mineralogy: Bluish Black Fibrous Quartz
Geometric form: Trigonal
Formation: Primary (moltan magma)
Family: Quartz | Silicates
Birthstone: Blue Tiger’s Eye is associated with the Astrological signs of Capricorn and Leo.
Apperance:  Fibrous fracture with opaque transaparency. Strong chatoyancy and a Mohs scale rating of 6.5 -7.
Aura: Blue Tiger’s Eye helps to open the channels of clarity around the aura that brings calmness and balance to the energies.
Colour: Blue Tiger’s Eye appears as a striking blueish black colour.
Chakra: The crystal is associated primarily with the Third Eye Chakra and also the throat chakra. It brings clarity and alignment for balance and allows for clear communication.

 

 

 

International Crystals – References and resources:

 

Michael Gienger, Healing Crystals, Earthdancer Books, 2009

The Columbia Encyclopedia, Crystal, 6th ed. 2014

World of Earth Science, Quartz, 2003

Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology, Crystal Healing, 2001

http://gemstone-dictionary.com/birthstones-by-month.php

New Oxford American Dictionary

 

 

 

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Garnet


Garnet Hessonite – International Crystals Encyclopedia https://www.gemzworld.com/ 
Originthe place or situation from which something comes, the beginning of something’s existence, the point from which it starts out, the thing from which it is ultimately derived.
Hessonite is a variety of Grossular which, in turn, is a calcium aluminium variety of the Garnet gemstone group. Grossular is found in contact metamorphosed limestones with wernerite, wollastonite, diopside and vesuvianite. 

Hessonite is found in placer deposits mainly in India and Sri Lanka and its source in it’s native matrix sometimes occurs. Other significant deposits can be found in California and Brazil.

 

All crystals belong to a different group according to the basis of the relationships of their axes. There are 7 systems and 32 classes of symmetry. Hessonite crystals belong to the Isometric system.

 

Historythe past considered as a whole, the whole series of past events connected with someone or sometihing, a continuous typically chronological record of importance.
Hessonite is also referred to as cinnamon stone and has long been mistaken for other stones such as Zircon. These zircon termed stones, which were notable for their ability to be engraved, where shown many years ago to be Hessonite by Sir AH Church, due to the differentiation in the gravity of the stone. 

The name derives from the Greek word Hesson, which means inferior. This was due to the density of the stone being lower than many of the other Garnet varieties.

 

The stone is mainly mined in India and Sri Lanka and is used extensively for jewellery due to its attractive brown to orange colouring.

 

 

 

Specificationthe act of describing or identifying something precisely, a detailed description of the design and materials used to make something.
Hessonite is an uncommon crystal  that is defined by its charcteristic brown/orange colour. The reference to its inferiority defined by its name determined by the low hardness and density of the stone. The hardness measures 6.5 to 7 on the Mohs scale compared to the 7.5 average of most other garnets.

 

The crystal has a conchoid to uneven fracure with a vitreous to greasy luster and a single or anomalous double refractive optical property.

 

Hessonite crystal is used widely in jewellery, similar to the Zircon gem.

 

Varietiesa number or range of things of the same general class that are different or distinct in character or quality.
Hessonite is a unique gem that is a variety of the Garnet mineral species. The garnet varieties include but are not limited to; 

  • Grossular
  • Hydrogrossular
  • Melanite
  • Rhodolite
  • Spessartine
  • Pyrope

 

 

Esoteric Attributesa quality or feature as characteristic of or possed by something.
Crystals by their very nature are able to receive and focus energy in different ways. Their molecular structure enables them to be used to amplify and convert energy and hence crystals have been used for centuries to aid healing and transmute energy both in the metaphysical and physical world. 

Because each crystal family has different formational backgrounds, each also has different vibrational frequencies that can be harnesed and used for specific purposes. Each therefore have specific qualities that can be used to help a person heal on the many different levels of their being.

 

The following is a list of healing attributes associated with Hessonite crystals.

 

Mental: Hessonite aids in the appreciation of ones abilities and gives confidence in creativity and self-expression.
Emotional: Hessonite gives clarity into emotion and helps to sooth emotional agitation. It brings confidence of expression into social situations.
Physical: The crystal aids in the regulation of the hormone balance in the cases of the hypo and hyper function of glands. It also strengthens the liver and kidneys.

 

Crystal Chart – Hessonite

 

Crystal: Hessonite
Mineralogy: Grossular containing iron.
Geometric form: Isometric
Formation: Tertiary
Family: Silicates
Birthstone: Hessonite is associated with the Astrological signs of Capricorn, Aquarius and Aries. 

 

Appearance: Conchoid to uneven fracure with a vitreous to greasy luster and a single or anomalous double refractive optical property.
Aura: Hessonite is explorative and enhancing in the auric energy as it is used as an energy guide to journey to a destination.
Colour: Hessonite appears as a vivd brownish/orange colour..
Chakra: Hessonite is associated with the Root Chakra and can also enhance psychic abilities when placed on the Third Eye Chakra.

 

 

 

International Crystals – References and resources:

 

Michael Gienger, Healing Crystals, Earthdancer Books, 2009

The Columbia Encyclopedia, Crystal, 6th ed. 2014

World of Earth Science, Quartz, 2003

Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology, Crystal Healing, 2001

http://gemstone-dictionary.com/birthstones-by-month.php

New Oxford American Dictionary

 

 

 

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Hawks Eye


ae267bc3f9a4894b853a3f3e7797176a

 

Origin

Falcon’s eye is a blue black to blue green opaque gemstone variety of fibrous quartz. All Tiger Eye is chatoyant which derives from the French language for “cat’s eye”. In the middle ages, the Falcons Eye was worn for protection as an amulet against witchcraft, demons and the evil eye.

Some stones with a higher oxidized iron are more bluish brown colour. It is typically multi-coloured with golden stripes or wavy patterns. It is an opaque fibrous aggregate, variety of microcrystalline quartz.  It displays an iridescence that enhances its silky luster.It is a pseudo morph of quartz meaning it changed from one mineral to another over time. Falcon’s eye was once crocidolite and changed to quartz. Crocidolite is a fibrous blue mineral; from the riebeckite family of amphibole silicates. It has a distinct composition, colour and chatoyancy with a silicon dioxide composition. It has a good hardness and durability. It has lower iron content than Tigers Eye.It is always cut to maximise its chatoyancy and associated closely with Tigers Eye and Pietersite.

It is quite rare and therefore not seen in much jewellery only interesting pendants or beaded necklaces. It is often carved for ornamental purposes. Its colour makes it a popular gemstone for men’s jewellery as cuff links or tie racks.

It can be found in many locations around the world like Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, India, Kora, Burma, Namibia, South Africa Spain and the US.

Physical

This crystal helps with eye related problems, relief of spinal problems and neck problems; it is also helpful to sinus blockages. Falcons eye helps relieve pain, shivering and hormonal hyperactivity Falcon’s eye crystal helps soothe fears related to travelling; it protects one when travelling in remote areas.

Emotional

Falcon’s eye has grounding and warming energy. It helps banish the winter blues. It helps with nervousness and inner restlessness. It makes it easy to retain overview in complex situations. It helps us to understand our own life –plan. It encourages understanding of complex and seemingly random events. It strengthens the decision making process, willpower and courage. It helps to speak more and gain more confidence.

 Attributes

It is a Shamanic stone, helpful to anyone undertaking a magical journey, astral trip or spiritual challenge. It helps deepen meditation, see the truth in order to grow and attune the third eye.

Specifications

Mineral : Silicon Dioxide
Geometric Form : Trigonal
Formation : Primary
Family: Quartz
Colour Ray: Brown gold
Birthstone: Gemini
Appearance: Opaque silky lustre
Aura: Brown gold
Colour: Blue grey black
Chakra: Base

 

 

 

 

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Hematite


Hematite with Magnetite – International Crystals Encyclopedia https://www.gemzworld.com/

 

 
 
Originthe place or situation from which something comes, the beginning of something’s existence, the point from which it starts out, the thing from which it is ultimately derived.
Hematite is the mineral form of one of the types of iron oxides. It is determined as iron (III) oxide which has the chemical formula Fe2O3.

 

Hematite, found in banded iron formations, can occur from volcanic activity though it is often found due to the precipitation of water where it can form in layers in standing water like springs or lakes.

 

When weathering processes occur in soil then clay sized hematite crystals can occur. This can bring our the redish streak of colour often found in older , weathered soils.

 

All crystals belong to a different group according to the basis of the relationships of their axes. There are 7 systems and 32 classes of symmetry. Hematite crystals belong to the Trigonal system.

 

 
Historythe past considered as a whole, the whole series of past events connected with someone or sometihing, a continuous typically chronological record of importance.
The name Hematite derives from the Greek word blood which is a reference to the reddish streak that forms through weathering. The ancient Greek name for Hematite termed it as a blood red stone and this name was transposed to the latin Lapis Haematites which in turn was taken up by Middle French which used the term Hématite Pierre.

 

Hematite was used as a pigment where it was taken from the hematite covered ochre clay. It was one of the earliest forms of writing pigment, used as red chalk over 164,000 years ago in South Africa by the Pinnacle Point man. Chalk mines were found in poland dating back to 5000 BC and also in old graveyards from up to 80,000 years ago. The mineral has also been referenced with the Linear Pottery Culture in the BC age, located at the Upper Rhine.

 

It was widely used in jewellery in the Victorian era and also in the craft of gilding as well as in other creative crafts.

 

 
Specificationthe act of describing or identifying something precisely, a detailed description of the design and materials used to make something.
Hematite has penetration and tamellar twinning with no cleavage. It has an uneven or sub-conchoidal fracture with a brittle tenacity. The mineral is opaque with a metallic to splendant luster. Hematite has magnetic qualities which weakens according to the size of the item.

 

The mineral is used in arts and for the purposes of adornment and jewellery.

 

 
Varietiesa number or range of things of the same general class that are different or distinct in character or quality.
There are different varieties of Hematite, these include and are not limited to;

 

  • Kidney Ore
  • Iron Rose
  • Martite
  • Specularite

 

 

 
Esoteric Attributesa quality or feature as characteristic of or possed by something.
Crystals by their very nature are able to receive and focus energy in different ways. Their molecular structure enables them to be used to amplify and convert energy and hence crystals have been used for centuries to aid healing and transmute energy both in the metaphysical and physical world.

 

Because each crystal family has different formational backgrounds, each also has different vibrational frequencies that can be harnesed and used for specific purposes. Each therefore have specific qualities that can be used to help a person heal on the many different levels of their being.

 

The following is a list of healing attributes associated with Hematite crystals.

 

Mental: Hematite crystals bring determination and resolve in the pursuance of aims and a resolve to stand up for them if neccessary.
 
Emotional: Hematite brings the resolve to pursue life goals and improvement of life situations. It stimulates the determination to progress.
 
Physical: Hematite is an aid to the stimulation of the gall bladder, liver and glands. It also helps to assimilate iron and the building of blood.
 

 

Crystal Chart – Hematite

 

Crystal: Hematite
Mineralogy: Iron Oxide
Geometric form: Trigonal
Formation: Tertiary
Family: Oxides
Birthstone: Hematite is associated with the Astrological Signs of Aries and Aquarius.
Appearance: Brittle with an uneven to sub-conchoidal fracture The mineral is opaque with a metallic to splendant luster with a Mohs scale rating of 5.5-6.5.
Aura: Hematite brings balance to the energy whilst absorbing the negative energies that arise. It is a protective stone that eases stress and brings calm.
Colour: Hematite appears in the colours red, black and gray and can carry a red streak.
Chakra: Hematite is associated with and brings positive vibrations to the Root Chakra where it promotes co-operativeness and calm.

 

 

 

International Crystals – References and resources:

 

Michael Gienger, Healing Crystals, Earthdancer Books, 2009

The Columbia Encyclopedia, Crystal, 6th ed. 2014

World of Earth Science, Quartz, 2003

Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology, Crystal Healing, 2001

http://gemstone-dictionary.com/birthstones-by-month.php

New Oxford American Dictionary

 

 

 

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Jade


Jadeite slab6467c239f4e80c05c2e672511f4c484b

 

Origin

Jade or Nephrite derives its name from the Greek word “nephros” meaning kidney. Jade was long considered an “imperial gem”. Jade has long been an esteemed majestic stone in the Chinese empire similar to diamonds and gold in western countries. Widely considered an elite stone it was presented to the Chinese imperial court where skilled artisans turned them into masterpieces. Jade was widely used in the making of Chinese scholars’ objects like calligraphy brushes, mouthpieces and opium pipes. Nephrite jade can be found in China for utilitarian and ceremonial purposes, from indoor and decorative items to jade burial sites.  Indigenous tribes in Mexico, central and South America and New Zealand carved jade into deity masks and ritual artefacts.

Jade is comprised of metamorphic rocks called silicate minerals called Nephrite and Jadeite. These are then classified into grades in the ABC Treatment System. Nephrite is a calcium magnesium silicate while jadeite is a sodium aluminium silicate. Each has different compositions, hardness, densities and crystal structures.

Nephrite is usually a creamy white form, mid to deep olive green, brown and black. It has a smooth surface polish and the most common form of jade.  Jadeite comes in blue, lavender mauve, pink and emerald green. Different colours were imported to Burma in 1800. It is hard and lustrous, rarer than Nephrite and more valuable. Imperial Jade is the rarest and most treasured form.

Physical

It is a powerful cleansing stone. It aids the spleen, kidneys and supra-adrenal glands, removing toxins and balancing fluids. It helps treats reproductive disorders. Imperial jade is most useful for the healing process after surgery.

 

Emotional

Jade is a dream stone it releases negative thoughts, irritability and soothes the mind it helps release ones limitation one has put on oneself. It helps access the spiritual world, encourages creativity and dream interpretation. It is the stone of serenity in the midst of a storm. It recharges energy and heals feelings of guilt. It is a crystal of love and supports new love. It provides confidence, self-assurance, self-reliance and self suffiency.

Other varieties include:

Brown Jade is grounding. It connects to the earth and provides comfort and reliability.

Lavender Jade alleviates emotional hurt and provides spiritual nourishment. Its energy is of the highest etheric spectrum.

Orange Jade brings joy and teaches the interconnectedness of all beings. It is energetic and quietly stimulating.

Purple Jade encourages mirth and happiness, and purifies one’s aura. It dispels the negative and increases one’s level of discernment.

Red Jade is a stone of life-force energy, dispelling fear that holds one back, and urges one to action.

White Jade filters distractions, pulls in relevant, constructive information and aids in decision making.

Yellow Jade is cheerful and energetic, a stone of assimilation and discrimination.

 

Attributes

It is most valued for its metaphysical properties. It is used widely as a protective talisman while traveling and an amulet of good luck and friendship.

 

Specifications

 

Mineral :  Silicate
Geometric Form :  Primary
Formation :  Monoclinic
Family:  Jade
Colour Ray:  Vary
Birthstone:  Leo Virgo August
Appearance:  Transluent to opaque
Aura:  Vary
Colour:  green lavender red yellow white black
Chakra:  Heart chakra

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Labradorite


Labradorite – International Crystals Encyclopedia https://www.gemzworld.com/ 
Originthe place or situation from which something comes, the beginning of something’s existence, the point from which it starts out, the thing from which it is ultimately derived.
Labradorite is a Feldspar variety of mineral and is classed within the plagioclase series as intermediate to calcic. The mineral forms in mafic igneous rocks and can also be found as a detrital component of sediments and in metamorphic amphibolites.Labradorite is the most common variety of Feldspar that is found in gabbro and basalt where it appears as gray to white, lath shaped to blocky grains.

 

All crystals belong to a different group according to the basis of the relationships of their axes. There are 7 systems and 32 classes of symmetry. Labradorite crystals belong to the Triclinic system.

 

Historythe past considered as a whole, the whole series of past events connected with someone or sometihing, a continuous typically chronological record of importance.
Labradorite is named for the location it was discovered in; Labrador in Canada. It was discovered in 1770 by Moravian missionaries and was valued for its ability to flash mystical, coloured light when viewed at an angle.This magical ‘fire rock’ was used in powdered form to cure ailments by the natives of Labrador who comprised of the inland American inuit and the coastal Eskimo inuit of the time.

 

Significant deposits of laboradite are found in Canada, US, Mexico, Madagascar and Finland, among many other places.

 

 

Specificationthe act of describing or identifying something precisely, a detailed description of the design and materials used to make something.
Labradorite has an uneven to conchoidal fracture and is translucent to transparent. It has an albite twinning and appears with a vitreous luster that is pearly on the cleavage. The crystal measures a 6-6.5 on the Mohs Scale.The main characteristic of labradorite is that it displays an iridescent optical effect when tilted or viewed at angles. These magical, fiery reflections are known as labradorescence.

 

Labradorite is used extensively in jewelery and ceramic glaze. It is also used in glass making and crushed as stone for road construction.

 

 

 

Varietiesa number or range of things of the same general class that are different or distinct in character or quality.
Labradorite is a variety of Feldspar. Some Labradorite gems with high degree of labradorescence are termed as Spectrolite.
Esoteric Attributesa quality or feature as characteristic of or possed by something.
Crystals by their very nature are able to receive and focus energy in different ways. Their molecular structure enables them to be used to amplify and convert energy and hence crystals have been used for centuries to aid healing and transmute energy both in the metaphysical and physical world.Because each crystal family has different formational backgrounds, each also has different vibrational frequencies that can be harnesed and used for specific purposes. Each therefore have specific qualities that can be used to help a person heal on the many different levels of their being.

 

The following is a list of healing attributes associated with Labradorite crystals.

 

Mental: Labradorite helps with the realisation of what is illusory and what is reality. The stone aids in the retrieval of forgotton memories.
Emotional: Labradorite delivers a depth of emotion and strengthens mediumistic ability. The stone aids with clarity of intuition.
Physical: Labradorite relieves gout and rheumatism and also alleviates the sensitivity to blood pressure and colds.

 

Crystal Chart – Labradorite

 

Crystal: Labradorite
Mineralogy: Coloured , Glittering Feldspar
Geometric form: Triclinic
Formation: Primary
Family: Feldspar Silicates
Birthstone: Labradorite is associated with the Astrological signs of Scorpio, Sagittarius and Leo.
Appearance: Labradorite has an uneven to conchoidal fracture and is translucent to transparent. It has an albite twinning and appears with a vitreous luster that is pearly on the cleavage. The crystal measures a 6-6.5 on the Mohs Scale.
Aura: Labradorite helps to seal the aura from energy leaks whilst balancing, protecting and strengthening against negative energies.
Colour: Green and Black with a featured characteristic that is highly iridescent.
Chakra: A mystical stone, Labradorite is strongly associated with the Third Eye Chakra as it strengthens psychic ability and sharpens intuition.

 

 

 

International Crystals – References and resources:

 

Michael Gienger, Healing Crystals, Earthdancer Books, 2009

The Columbia Encyclopedia, Crystal, 6th ed. 2014

World of Earth Science, Quartz, 2003

Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology, Crystal Healing, 2001

http://gemstone-dictionary.com/birthstones-by-month.php

New Oxford American Dictionary

 

 

 

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Lapis Lazuli


Lapis Lazuli – International Crystals Encyclopedia https://www.gemzworld.com/ 
Originthe place or situation from which something comes, the beginning of something’s existence, the point from which it starts out, the thing from which it is ultimately derived.
Lapis Lazuli is a vibrant, deep blue coloured rock whose significant component is lazurite which is a feldspathoid silicate mineral.

It can also contain pyrite, sodalite and calcite as well as mica, hornblende, augite and diopside among other constituents. The stone occurs as a result of contact metamorphism in crystalline marble.

 

All crystals belong to a different group according to the basis of the relationships of their axes. There are 7 systems and 32 classes of symmetry. Lapis Lazuli does not belong to a particular crystal system as it is a rock. Its main component, Lazurite, occurs as a dodecahedra.

 

Historythe past considered as a whole, the whole series of past events connected with someone or sometihing, a continuous typically chronological record of importance.
Lapis Lazuli was mined as far back as the 7th Millenium BC in the Sar-i-Sang mines in the Badakhstan region of northeast Afghanistan. 

It has been found in beads in Neolithic burials and was said to have appeared in the form of eyebrows on the funeral mask of King Tutankhamun.

 

On export to Europe in the middle ages, the stone was ground and used as a deep blue pigment which was employed by the important artists of the Renaissance and Baroque such as Perugino and Vermeer. It was also used on the clothing of these figures; a prime example being the cloak of the Virgin Mary.

 

Significant sources of Lapiz Lazuli are found in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Chile and Russia.

 

 

Specificationthe act of describing or identifying something precisely, a detailed description of the design and materials used to make something.
Lapiz Lazuli has an uneven conchoidal fracture and appears with a dull luster. The stone has a gravity of 2.7-2.9 and a hardness rating on the Mohs scale of 5-5.5. 

It is prized for its intense colour which is caused by the presence of the S3 radical anion and is synthesised, for commercial purposes, using the Gibson process of simulation.

 

When polished, Lapiz Lazuli can be made into ornamentation, carvings, jewellery and other craft items. Its use as a pigment ended in the 19th century when a chemical alternative was formed.

 

Varietiesa number or range of things of the same general class that are different or distinct in character or quality.
As well as Lapiz Lazuli, the addition of Calcite creates the mineral that is known as Spotted Lapis. 

 

Esoteric Attributesa quality or feature as characteristic of or possed by something.
Crystals by their very nature are able to receive and focus energy in different ways. Their molecular structure enables them to be used to amplify and convert energy and hence crystals have been used for centuries to aid healing and transmute energy both in the metaphysical and physical world. 

Because each crystal family has different formational backgrounds, each also has different vibrational frequencies that can be harnesed and used for specific purposes. Each therefore have specific qualities that can be used to help a person heal on the many different levels of their being.

 

The following is a list of healing attributes associated with Lapis Lazuli crystals.

 

Mental: Lapis Lazuli helps one to express the truth clearly and with clarity. It enables moderation of discussion and communication when angry.
Emotional: Lapis Lazuli enhances the ability to be social. It also drives honesty, friendship and dignity.
Physical: Lapis Lazuli helps with the thyroid, nervous and immune system. It regulates the thyroid gland and aids with problems of the nerves, brain, throat, vocal cords and larnyx.

 

Crystal Chart – Lapis Lazuli

 

Crystal: Lapis Lazuli
Mineralogy: Lasurite Rock: Lattice Silicate
Geometric form: Cubic
Formation: Tertiary
Family: Metamorphic Rock
Birthstone: Lapis Lazuli is associated with the astrological signs of Sagittarius and Libra.
Appearance: Lapiz Lazuli has an uneven conchoidal fracture and appears with a dull luster. The stone has a gravity of 2.7-2.9 and a hardness rating on the Mohs scale of 5-5.5. 
Aura: Lapis Lazuli is a protector and shield against negative energies and psychic attack. It delivers negative energy back to its source.
Colour: Deep blue, can have gold, white, gray and indigo inflections.
Chakra: Lapis Lazuli is strongly associated with the Throat Chakra as it strengthens and clears verbal communication and expression.

 

 

 

International Crystals – References and resources:

 

Michael Gienger, Healing Crystals, Earthdancer Books, 2009

The Columbia Encyclopedia, Crystal, 6th ed. 2014

World of Earth Science, Quartz, 2003

Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology, Crystal Healing, 2001

http://gemstone-dictionary.com/birthstones-by-month.php

New Oxford American Dictionary

 

 

 

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Emerald


Emerald – International Crystals Encyclopedia https://www.gemzworld.com/

 

Originthe place or situation from which something comes, the beginning of something’s existence, the point from which it starts out, the thing from which it is ultimately derived.
Emerald is a crystal which is a variety of the Beryl mineral. It takes it vibrant green colour from the trace amounts of chromium and, at times, vanadium that infiltrate the mineral.

 

The majority of the beryls are formed in igneous rocks and related gneisses, mica schists and pegamite dikes. On other, less frequent, occasions the crystal can also be sourced from sedimentary rocks which includes limestone and shale.

 

 

All crystals belong to a different group according to the basis of the relationships of their axes. There are 7 systems and 32 classes of symmetry. Emerald crystals belong to the Hexagonal system.

 

Historythe past considered as a whole, the whole series of past events connected with someone or sometihing, a continuous typically chronological record of importance.
The name Emerald is derived from the ancient Greek word, Smaragdus, meaning green. It is also given its name from the middle English, Emeraude, and the vulgar Latin, Esmeraldus. It was referred to by Pliny the Elder as ‘nothing greens greener’ in his Natural History documentation dating back to the first century AD.

 

Ancient legend dictates that the emerald was one of the four precious stones given to Solomon by God which bequeathed the ruler with the power over all creation. The gem was also associated with Cleopatra who used it in her Royal costume. The first heralded emerald mines were said to be found in Egypt dating from around 300 BC.

 

The Incas used the stone in religious events and jewellery yet it wasn’t until the Spanish invaded the New World in 16th Century exploration that the gem found itself as a trade commodity and became prevalant in Europe and Asia.

 

As well as Egypt, early deposits were also mined in Austria and India from the 14th Century. Present day significant deposits are mined extensively in Columbia.

 

 

Specificationthe act of describing or identifying something precisely, a detailed description of the design and materials used to make something.
Distinctive by their vibrant green hue, the emerald forms as a massive or crystalline habit with a dihexagonal dipyaramidal crystal symmetry. They are transparent to opaque however a high end gem would have to be transparent with a pure green hue to be classified accordingly.

The stone has a vitreous lustre and an conchoidal fracture and is relative to beryl in hardness, showing a Mohs scale rating of 7.5 -8.

 

Emeralds are used extensively for high end jewellery and adornment.

 

Varietiesa number or range of things of the same general class that are different or distinct in character or quality.
Emeralds are a unique stone that can appear in synthetic as well as natural form. Notable emeralds include:

 

  • Duke of Devonshire Emerald
  • Mogul Mughal Emerald
  • Gachala Emerald
  • Chalk Emerald
  • Bahia Emerald

 

 

Esoteric Attributesa quality or feature as characteristic of or possed by something.
Crystals by their very nature are able to receive and focus energy in different ways. Their molecular structure enables them to be used to amplify and convert energy and hence crystals have been used for centuries to aid healing and transmute energy both in the metaphysical and physical world.

 

Because each crystal family has different formational backgrounds, each also has different vibrtional frequencies that can be harnesed and used for specific purposes. Each therefore have specific qualities that can be used to help a person heal on the many different levels of their being.

 

The following is a list of healing attributes associated with Emerald crystals.

 

Mental: The emerald is said to encourage mental clarity and sharpen the memory. It strengthens the ability to seek things and acheive objectives set.
Emotional: The stone aids regeneration and supports recuperation. It also brings justice and harmony and draws wisdom, unity, love and loyalty to a person.
Physical: Emerald crystals aid the battle against diseases that affect the intestine, eyes and heart. It also helps with epilepsy, sinusitis and headaches.

 

Crystal Chart – Emerald

 

Crystal: Emerald
Mineralogy: Beryl containing Chromium
Geometric form: Hexagonal
Formation: Primary | Tertiary
Family: Beryl
Birthstone: Emerald is the traditional birth stone of the month of May.

 

Astrology Birthstone (Zodiac) –Emerald is associated with the astrological signs of Gemini, Taurus and occasionally, Cancer.

Apperance: Vitreous lustre with conchoidal fracture. The stone is transparent with a Mohs scale hardness of 7.5-8.
Aura: Emeralds bring synchronicity to the aura and open up the channels of clarity in communication. It is revered for its green ray energy that brings healing and love.
Colour: Emeralds have a strikingly deep and vibrant, green hue.
Chakra: Emeralds are primarily asscoiated with the Heart Chakra for its strong ability to bring love and bliss. It will open up the heart and bring healing soothness.

 

 

 

International Crystals – References and resources:

 

Michael Gienger, Healing Crystals, Earthdancer Books, 2009

The Columbia Encyclopedia, Crystal, 6th ed. 2014

World of Earth Science, Quartz, 2003

Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology, Crystal Healing, 2001

http://gemstone-dictionary.com/birthstones-by-month.php

New Oxford American Dictionary

 

 

 

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Epidote


                      45480de3 epidote-cab

 

Origin

Epidote was named by Rene Hauy, a mineralogist at the University of Natural History in Paris in the early 1800’s. The name is from the Greek word “epidosis” which means “addition” referring to Hauy’s observation that some of the minerals prism faces are longer than others.

Epidote is one of the most outstanding display minerals. The most desirable form is in delicate elongated crystals which are interconnected and lustrous. It is found in horndels and skarns in contact metamorphic rocks, in metamorphosed limestone and in schist’s. It can also be found in igneous rocks in basalt and diabase. It has a complex crystal structure of isolated and paired silica tetrahedrons. It occurs as monoclinic crystals in pegmatites or long slender prismatic crystals in thick tabular crystals. They sometimes appear with etchings or growth layers and contain smaller later growth crystals. They are also found in massive form and as monoclinic crystals in marbles and schist’s that were formed or altered through contact metamorphism It is also sometimes found with amphiboles, feldspars, quartz and chlorite It is an abundant rock forming mineral.

Rocks composed of quartz and epidotes are known as epidosite. Epidote is often associated with allanite and piemonite. It is almost identical in composition to Clinozoisite.

It is usually found as a yellowish green pistachio colour. Sometimes it occurs in a brownish green black colour. In massive form it is translucent with a vitreous lustre.

Epidote can be found in Austria, Switzerland, France, Finland, Norway, Italy, Czechoslovakia, Kenya, Madagascar, Australia, Japan, Korea, China, Mexico and the United States.

 

Physical

Epidote helps increase energy and motivates strengthening of the physical body. It facilitates an assimilation of nutrients. It stimulates the immune system and aids in the healing process. It helps fortify the liver, gallbladder and digestive system; it regenerates after over exertion or illness. It increases personal power and memory retention.

Emotional

“The Awareness Shield Stone”

Epidote is an attraction stone meaning it will bring you more of what you emanate.  It can be programmed to bring one what they wish for. It works for both positive and negative energies so one must be aware of themselves and their emotions…”you reap what you sow”. It increases perception and interaction with spiritual beings. It promotes a simple, calming grounding, “back to earth” vibration.

Epidote alleviates depression, hopelessness and negative thinking patterns. It promotes a sense of optimism and revival. It helps realise ones ideas of happiness and fulfilment. It brings patience, dissipates anxiety, self-pity and grief. It helps stimulate abundance, prosperity, manifestation, self awareness, will power, mental clarity, memory and emotional healing.

 

Attributes

Epidote helps clear congestion and energy blockages.

Epidote enhances the energy of whatever it touches.

Specifications

 

Mineral : Sorosilicates (calcium aluminium iron silicate)
Geometric Form : Monoclinic
Formation : Secondary
Family: Silicates
Colour Ray: Green
Birthstone: Gemini Virgo
Appearance: Vitreous lustre, transparent, white grey streak
Aura: Green
Colour: Green
Chakra: All chakras

 

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Beryl


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Origin

The name beryl is derived from a number of languages including Latin, old French, Middle English, Greek, Prakrit, German and Dutch.

Beryl is a mineral composed of beryllium aluminium cyclosilicate. They are hexagonal crystals and rarely come in terminated form. Beryl often crystallizes in a perfect six sided hexagons, their crystals are individual prismatic hexagons. The can appear in short stubby form or tabular and plates. The bases of beryls are flat and pyramidal terminations are rare.

Pure beryl is transparent to opaque and colourless but often tinted by impurities. Green beryl heat treated can produce a sky blue aquamarine colour.

Beryl comes in various colours in granitic pegmatites but also occurs in mic schist in the Ural Mountains and limestone in Colombia.it is found in Europe Norway Austria Germany and Sweden Ireland Russia Brazil Colombia Madagascar Mozambique South Africa USA and Zambia.

Beryl has two varieties which include aquamarine, maxixe, emerald, golden beryl, yellow helidor, goshenite, pink morganite and red beryl. Pure beryl is colourless, it is the impurities which cause it to colour in variety.

Aquamarine is the second most popular gem beryl. It has a distinct greenish blue to blue colour which is caused by iron oxides within the chemical makeup of the stone. Light coloured stone in this colour range are still called aquamarine. The stone that are richly coloured are the most sought after. The pale stone are made for inexpensive jewellery.

The name Aquamarine derives from the Latin aqua marinus, meaning “water of the sea” and refers to its sparkling ocean-like colour. It was believed to be the treasure of mermaids and was used by sailors as a talisman of good luck, fearlessness and protection. It channels clear and heartfelt communication.

Aquamarine differs from emerald as it has fewer inclusions and fractures. Most costume jewellery is the eye clean without visible fractures. The colour of aquamarine can be enhanced through heating.

 

Physical

It is a stone of breath, the respiratory tract and lungs. It can help heal sinus conditions and coughing. It helps hay fever and other allergies. It relieves colds and bronchitis. As a cooling stone is helps counteract infections for laryngitis, strep throat or sore throat. It harmonises the pituitary and thyroid glands, regulating hormones and growth. It supports the healing of inflammatory diseases

Emotional

It helps balance excessive anger or fear and, clears past emotional, physical or verbal abuse. It is useful; for transition and changes both physically and emotionally.

It is a calming, soothing and cleansing crystal. It helps overcome fear of speaking especially without anger in difficult situations. It bestows perseverance, discipline and light heartedness. It utilizes compromise and negotiation and gives courage and clarity.

Attributes

It is a stone of natural justice.

It emits a gentle, compassionate energy, promoting moderation and responsibility for ones actions.

The magnetism on the moon will enhance the iron oxides in the stone increasing’s its forecasting abilities.

Specifications

 

Mineral : Cyclosilicate
Geometric Form : Hexagonal
Formation : Secondary
Family: Beryl
Colour Ray: Vary 
Birthstone: October 
Appearance: Vitreous to resinous 
Aura: Vary
Colour: Blue green pink yellow colourless etc
Chakra: Vary with colour

 

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Calcite


Calcite – International Crystals Encyclopedia https://www.gemzworld.com/

 

 
 
Originthe place or situation from which something comes, the beginning of something’s existence, the point from which it starts out, the thing from which it is ultimately derived.
 

Calcite is a carbonate mineral of secondary formation that is common to sedimentary rocks, including limestone, yet much of which is formed from the shells of long dead marine organisms.

 

Calcite forms in two stages. The particles from amorphous calcium carbonate dehydrate and crystallize to appear as individual particles of vaterite in the first stage. The second stage is slower where the vaterite transforms through a dissolution and reprecipitation mechanism, into calcite.

 

Calcite can also be found in volcanic rocks such as kimberlites, carbonatites and rarely in peridotites.

 

All crystals belong to a different group according to the basis of the relationships of their axes. There are 7 systems and 32 classes of symmetry. Calcite crystals belong to the Trigonal system.

 

 
Historythe past considered as a whole, the whole series of past events connected with someone or sometihing, a continuous typically chronological record of importance.
Calcite comes from the Greek word Chalix which means lime. This could be linked to its common appearance in limestone rocks.

 

The formation is one of the most common minerals on planet earth and is estimated to make up about 4% in weight of the planet earth’s crust.

 

Calcite is found in many cave formations of which the majority, including stalagmites and stalactites are made from Calcite.

 

The crystal is found all over the world. Notable deposits include Palm Wash, California, Iceland, Mexico, Germany, Brazil, England, India and Africa.

 
Specificationthe act of describing or identifying something precisely, a detailed description of the design and materials used to make something.
Calcites come in many different shapes and colours. They can form obtuse to acute, tabular, prismatic and as various scalenohedra.

 

Single calcite can stand out for its refraction where the optical property birefringence appears and causes objects viewed through the crystal to appear doubled.

 

As it is a soft crystal with a Moh hardness of 3 it is rarely used as jewellery, instead it is more a collectors stone.

 

 
Varietiesa number or range of things of the same general class that are different or distinct in character or quality.
There are many different varieties of Calcite, these include and are not limited to;

 

  • Angel Wing Calcite
  • Blue Calcite
  • Cobalto Calcite
  • Green Calcite
  • Honey Calcite
  • Mangano Calcite
  • Optical Calcite
  • Red Calcite

 

 

 
Esoteric Attributesa quality or feature as characteristic of or possed by something.
Crystals by their very nature are able to receive and focus energy in different ways. Their molecular structure enables them to be used to amplify and convert energy and hence crystals have been used for centuries to aid healing and transmute energy both in the metaphysical and physical world.

 

Because each crystal family has different formational backgrounds, each also has different vibrtional frequencies that can be harnesed and used for specific purposes. Each therefore have specific qualities that can be used to help a person heal on the many different levels of their being.

 

The following is a list of healing attributes associated with Calcite crystals.

 

Mental: Calcite is known for the stone of the mind and is associated with students and academics. It promotes confidence in thinking and improves the memory. It allows for increased power of discernment and gives the ability to react quickly in mental situations.
 
Emotional: Calcite is a calming, centering stone that aids in inward strength and stability.  It improves development and confidence in the outward appearance.
 
Physical: Calcite aids in the fortification of bones, teeth mucous membrane, connective tissue and intestine. It also promotes healthy growth in children.
 

 

Crystal Chart – Calcite

 

Crystal: Calcite
Mineralogy: Calcium Carbonate
Geometric form: Trigonal
Formation: Secondary
Family: Carbonate
Birthstone: Calcite is associated with the Astrological sign of Cancer.
Apperance: Glass like, waxy lustre, white streak, translucent, striped, banded.
Aura: Calcite is a strong cleanser of energy allowing for greater amplification of the energy within the Aura. It clears negative and old energies to open channels for greater energies to pass through.
Colour: Colours range from blue, black, clear, golden, pink, red, yellow and white among others.
Chakra: Calcite aligns with a variety of Chakras dependent on the colour of the crystal.

 

 

 

International Crystals – References and resources:

 

Michael Gienger, Healing Crystals, Earthdancer Books, 2009

The Columbia Encyclopedia, Crystal, 6th ed. 2014

World of Earth Science, Quartz, 2003

Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology, Crystal Healing, 2001

http://gemstone-dictionary.com/birthstones-by-month.php

New Oxford American Dictionary

 

 

 

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Chrysolite


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Origin

Chrysolite means “gold stone”. It is mentioned in the bible in the list of gemstones set in the breastplate of Aaron (Book of Exodus) and in the list of foundation stones for the New Jerusalem (in Revelation).

Chrysolite is now more commonly known as Olivine and Peridot. Translucent olivine is sometimes called peridot which is actually the French word for Olivine. It is one of the most common minerals in the earth. It occurs in mafic and ultra-mafic igneous rocks as a primary mineral in certain metamorphic rocks.

It is not specifically recognised as a mineral but a mineral group comprising of Forsterite and Fayalite. The ratio of magnesium and iron varies between the two. It is a type of orthosilicate. They create a solid solution series. Most specimens identified as Olivine fall into this series. Olivine’s crystal structure incorporates aspects of the orthorhombic, Bravals lattice which occur from each silica.

Olivine dates back to the Pharaohs in Egypt. It is the gem variety of the mineral Olivine. It occurs in a light green to olive green gemstone. The intensity of the colour depends on the amount of iron present. The most desirable colour is deep olive green with a slight yellowish tint.

Olivine can be found on the volcanic island of Zabargad in the Red Sea east of Aswan Egypt. Peridot can also be found in Burma, Pakistan, China, Vietnam and the United States. The finest quality comes from Mogok in Burma.

Olivine is found in meteorites, the moon, mars and infant stars.

Physical

It helps with problems associated with aging. It is as stone of cellular rejuvenation. They aid healing the chest, gut, stomach and duodenal ulcers. They help heal health issues associated with the heart, lungs spleen and intestine. It strengthens the liver, gallbladder, intestine and muscles.

Emotional

Olivine is a gemstone for manifestation of all desired things. It is a stone of prosperity and happiness. Olivine helps increase self-esteem and aids you to let go of guilt, anger and jealousy from past experiences. It helps you to feel more at ease with devolvement’s in life it is a good stone to wear for protection against psychic attacks. It helps to create an increase in love, joy and bring improved emotional health. It promotes independence and helps break away from external influences as well as to admit mistakes.

Attributes

Specifications

Mineral : Magnesium Iron silicate
Geometric Form : Hexagonal
Formation : Primary
Family: Forsterite & Fayalite
Colour Ray: Green
Birthstone: August September October
Appearance: Brittle, vitreous , translucent
Aura: Green
Colour: Olive green light green yellow
Chakra: Solar plexus

 

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