Alexandrite


Alexandrite – Gemzworld Crystals Encyclopedia

Alexandrite – This is our research and findings on this mineral

Origin – The place or situation from which something comes, the beginning of existence, the point from which it starts, the thing from which it is ultimately derived.

Alexandrite is an extremely rare gemstone initially discovered in the Sanarka River in Russia’s southern Ural Mountains.

The chemical composition exhibits Chrysoberyl’s variants consisting of a chrysoberyl cats eye and transparent Chrysoberyl, yet has chromium as an impurity along with iron and titanium, which accounts for its distinctive ability to change colour. Only this type of Chrysoberyl that can display these colour changes is Alexandrite.

Alexandrite is a strongly pleochroic | trichroic gem that changes colour about the light source. In daylight, they can be green (Russian) before switching to red in incandescent light.

All crystals belong to a different group according to the basis of the relationships of their axes. There are seven systems and 32 classes of symmetry. Alexandrite crystals belong to the orthorhombic system.

History – the past considered whole, the whole series of past events connected with someone or something, a continuous typically chronological record of importance.

Alexandrite has a recently modern history, documented as being discovered in Russia’s Ural Mountains as late as the 1830s.

The gem is said to have been named after the Russian Tzar Alexander. As it displays the red and green colours symbolic of Imperial Russia’s old stains, it became the national stone of Tzarist Russia.

Top-quality mined Alexandrite was extremely rare and, as the Russian mines depleted, was extremely scarce. A similar hue was found later in Brazilian mines in the 1980s yet were not as great as the quality of colour that the Russian gems possessed.

Jewellers highly seek the stone of a quality comparable to the Russian one due to its aesthetic value and rarity. Specialist dealers mainly supply it.

Specification – the act of describing or identifying something precisely, a detailed description of the design and materials used to make something.

Alexandrite has a good hardness of 8.5 on the MOH’s scale and is valued in relation to the more significant distinction of colour change from green to red. Some of the less valued Alexandrite’s change from green to a brownish colour instead.

The crystals feature cyclic twins called trillings which have a hexagonal appearance however are featured due to the formation of a triplet of twins at distinctive angles.

Natural Alexandrite gems are rarely found in jewellery due to their value and scarcity; however, synthetic lab-formed types are available on a more common basis.

Varieties – A number or range of things of the same general class that are different or distinct in character or quality.

Alexandrite is a type of Chrysoberyl and so falls in with other Crysoberyl types, including:

  • Yellowish-Green Chrysoberyl
  • Cats Eye or Cymomphane

However, the only other variety of Alexandrite is created synthetically or simulated to replicate Alexandrite through corundum traced with elements like vanadium.

Esoteric Attributes: A quality or feature as characteristic of or possed by something.

Crystals, by their very nature, can receive and focus energy in different ways. Their molecular structure enables them to be used to amplify and convert energy. Hence, crystals have been used for centuries to aid healing and transmute energy both in the metaphysical and physical world.

Because each crystal family has different formational backgrounds, each also has different vibrational frequencies that can be harnessed and used for specific purposes. Each, therefore, has particular qualities that can be used to help a person heal on the many different levels of their being.

The following is a list of healing attributes associated with Alexandrite crystals.

Mental: Alexandrite is said to strengthen willpower and inspiration. It promotes imaginative powers igniting confidence in risk-taking and a more excellent perception of the inner voice.

Emotional: Alexandrite intensifies and heightens dreams and heightens the perception of emotion.

Physical: The Alexandrite gem is known to stimulate the liver and aid physical inflammations. It is also an aid for nerve disorders and to strengthen the senses.

Crystal Chart – Alexandrite

Crystal:                        Alexandrite

Mineralogy:                Chrysoberyl

Geometric form:         Orthorhombic

Formation:                  Tertiary

Family:                         Quartz

Birthstone:                  Ayurvedic Birthstones – Alexandrite is not associated with Ayurvedic Birthstones.                       Astrology Birthstone (Zodiac)  Alexandrite is associated with June, and the Scorpio sign an alternate Zodiac stone.

Appearance:               Very hard (8.5) and brittle.  It has a trillings formation similar to a                                      hexagonal shape and is distinctive by its ability to change colour most valuable when from green to red.

Aura:                           Alexandrite is said to have regenerative powers and, as well as re-inforcing self-esteem, it escalates spiritual evolution and aligns the mental, emotional and etheric bodies.

Colour:                         Alexandrites mined in Russia are distinctive in their colour change from a green hue to a red hue; however, many mined elsewhere exhibit a shift from light green to a brownish colour.

Chakra:                        Alexandrites, depending on colour, can relate to the Throat, Heart and                              Third Eye Chakras

Gemzworld Crystals – References and resources:

Michael Gienger, Healing Crystals, Earthdancer Books, 2009

The Columbia Encyclopedia, Crystal, 6th ed. 2014

World of Earth Science, Quartz, 2003

Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology, Crystal Healing, 2001

http://gemstone-dictionary.com/birthstones-by-month.php

New Oxford American Dictionary

 

You can watch our Free Videos on Crystals HERE

Learn to become a Crystal Therapist HERE

Find out the benefits of a Crystal Healing Session HERE

See our wonderful selection of Healing Crystals HERE

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Amazonite


Amazonite – Gemzworld Crystals Encyclopedia

Amazonite – This is our research and findings on this mineral

Originthe place or situation from which something comes, the beginning of something’s existence, the point from which it starts, the thing from which it is ultimately derived.

A subdivision of Feldspar is Alkali Feldspar which is typically rich in potassium, and from this evolves the Microcline type, which is mainly white or pale yellow. In rare cases, the Microcline may appear a blue | green colour which is then termed as the semi-precious stone, Amazonite.

Amazonite is created in sedimentary and metamorphic rocks when potassium-rich hot silica acid changes from a liquid | gas formation into a solid compound. The blue | green colour is determined by traces of lead and water that remain in the silica acid.

All crystals belong to a different group according to the basis of the relationships of their axes. There are seven systems and 32 classes of symmetry. Amazonite crystals belong to the Triclinic system.

History – the past considered whole, the whole series of past events connected with someone or something, a continuous typically chronological record of importance.

The earliest reference to Amazonite is in the Egyptian Book of the Dead, which dates back to 3400 BCE, which recommends green feldspar (the earlier name for Amazonite) as an amulet in various parts of the text.

The Amazonite heart scarab amulet, which was used during the weighing of the heart ceremony when sending the soul on its journey to the underworld, was recovered as a ring from the tomb of King Tutankhamen.

Contrary to its name, Amazonite or green Feldspar has never been found near the Amazon River region. Instead, the name is said to have derived from tales told by the ancient Greeks where the female Amazon Warriors wore shields decorated with a green | blue stone. When the interest in Crystals grew in the 18th Century, the name was changed from Green Feldspar to Amazonite.

Amazonite is limited in occurrence and was initially mined from granite rocks in the Miass area of  Russia. It was later found in Colorado, Virginia, Madagascar and Brazil.

Specification – the act of describing or identifying something precisely, a detailed description of the design and materials used to make something.

Amazonite is easily fractured in its raw form, so care is taken to use it for cutting gemstones. The stones are polished to display the bright green colours and are also enhanced through tumbling. Apart from this, Amazonites enter the market in their natural form.

Varieties – a number or range of things of the same general class that are different or distinct in character or quality.

Amazonite is a variety of the Feldspar Mineral group, particularly the Alkali (Potassium) Group. Amazonite can sometimes be mistaken for jade, turquoise, aventurine, serpentine and chalcedony, among others, yet the most popular related gemstones are:

  • Sunstone
  • Moonstone
  • Orthoclase
  • Labradorite
  • Andesine

Esoteric Attributes – a quality or feature as characteristic of or possed by something.

Crystals, by their very nature, can receive and focus energy in different ways. Their molecular structure enables them to be used to amplify and convert energy. Hence, crystals have been used for centuries to aid healing and transmute energy both in the metaphysical and physical world.

Because each crystal family has different formational backgrounds, each also has different vibrational frequencies that can be harnessed and used for specific purposes. Each, therefore, has particular qualities that can be used to help a person heal on the many different levels of their being.

The following is a list of healing attributes associated with Amazonite crystals.

Mental: Amazonite Crystals strengthens logic and intuition to enhance problem-solving. It gives us the confidence in our powers to achieve greatness and determine our fate.

Emotional: Amazonite unites the male | female communication and energies regarding love. It strengthens the balance of emotion and has a calming influence over mood definition.

Physical: Amazonite is a facilitator of childbirth, aiding the internal organs and harmonising vegetative nervous systems and the brain. Amazonite also helps to regulate metabolic disorders.

Crystal Chart – Amazonite

Crystal: Amazonite

Mineralogy:                  Potassium aluminium silicate K(AISi308)

Geometric form:           Triclinic Prismatic

Formation:                   Primary

Family:                         Silicate Feldspar

Birthstone:

Ayurvedic Birthstones   Amazonite is not an Ayurvedic Birthstone.

Astrology Birthstone (Zodiac) Amazonite is associated with the astrological sign of Leo (23rd July to 22nd August).

Appearance:                   Vitreous, dull, translucent to opaque. Green | Blue-Green colour with veins of white.

Aura:                            Amazonite crystals are used to strengthen the communication of the speech of truth with higher levels. It aids the aura in processing the meaning of this process, working with strong vibrations through the throat Chakra.

Colour:                         Green or Blue-green with strands of white veins running through the stone.

Chakra:                         Amazonite is attuned to the throat and heart Chakras.

International Crystals – References and resources:

Michael Gienger, Healing Crystals, Earthdancer Books, 2009

The Columbia Encyclopedia, Crystal, 6th ed. 2014

World of Earth Science, Quartz, 2003

Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology, Crystal Healing, 2001

http://gemstone-dictionary.com/birthstones-by-month.php

New Oxford American Dictionary

 

You can watch our Free Videos on Crystals HERE

Learn to become a Crystal Therapist HERE

Find out the benefits of a Crystal Healing Session HERE

See our fantastic selection of Healing Crystals HERE

 

 

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Olivine


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Origin

Chrysolite means “gold stone”. It is mentioned in the bible in the list of gemstones set in the breastplate of Aaron (Book of Exodus) and in the list of foundation stones for the New Jerusalem (in Revelation).

Chrysolite is now more commonly known as Olivine and Peridot. Translucent olivine is sometimes called peridot which is actually the French word for Olivine. It is one of the most common minerals in the earth. It occurs in mafic and ultra-mafic igneous rocks as a primary mineral in certain metamorphic rocks.

It is not specifically recognised as a mineral but a mineral group comprising of Forsterite and Fayalite. The ratio of magnesium and iron varies between the two. It is a type of orthosilicate. They create a solid solution series. Most specimens identified as Olivine fall into this series. Olivine’s crystal structure incorporates aspects of the orthorhombic, Bravals lattice which occur from each silica.

Olivine dates back to the Pharaohs in Egypt. It is the gem variety of the mineral Olivine. It occurs in a light green to olive green gemstone. The intensity of the colour depends on the amount of iron present. The most desirable colour is deep olive green with a slight yellowish tint.

Olivine can be found on the volcanic island of Zabargad in the Red Sea east of Aswan Egypt. Peridot can also be found in Burma, Pakistan, China, Vietnam and the United States. The finest quality comes from Mogok in Burma.

Olivine is found in meteorites, the moon, mars and infant stars.

Physical

It helps with problems associated with aging. It is as stone of cellular rejuvenation. They aid healing the chest, gut, stomach and duodenal ulcers. They help heal health issues associated with the heart, lungs spleen and intestine. It strengthens the liver, gallbladder, intestine and muscles.

Emotional

Olivine is a gemstone for manifestation of all desired things. It is a stone of prosperity and happiness. Olivine helps increase self-esteem and aids you to let go of guilt, anger and jealousy from past experiences. It helps you to feel more at ease with devolvement’s in life it is a good stone to wear for protection against psychic attacks. It helps to create an increase in love, joy and bring improved emotional health. It promotes independence and helps break away from external influences as well as to admit mistakes.

Attributes

Specifications

Mineral : Magnesium Iron silicate
Geometric Form : Hexagonal
Formation : Primary
Family: Forsterite & Fayalite
Colour Ray: Green
Birthstone: August September October
Appearance: Brittle, vitreous , translucent
Aura: Green
Colour: Olive green light green yellow
Chakra: Heart & Solar plexus

 

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Peridot (olivine)


Peridot – International Crystals Encyclopedia https://www.gemzworld.com/

 

 
 
Originthe place or situation from which something comes, the beginning of something’s existence, the point from which it starts out, the thing from which it is ultimately derived.
Peridot is a type of ovaline that is of a quality gem formation. Ovaline is a silicate mineral of which Peridot is the magnesium rich variety.

 

Peridot can be found in meteorites however it is more commonly found in fractions of ultra mafic and mafic rocks as well as lavas and peridotite xenoliths. Due to the chemical instability of peridot it only occurs rarely.

 

It is sourced in Arizona and Arkansas among other US locations and also worldwide locations that includes Australia, China, Brazil, Mexico, Kenya and Egypt amongst others.

 

All crystals belong to a different group according to the basis of the relationships of their axes. There are 7 systems and 32 classes of symmetry. Peridot crystals belong to the Orthorhombic system.

 

 
Historythe past considered as a whole, the whole series of past events connected with someone or sometihing, a continuous typically chronological record of importance.
A translation of the first use of the word peridot in English appeared in 1705 in a translation of a will dating back to 1245 that was inscribed in Latin. Bishop John of St Albans Abbey bequeathed three noble rings, one of which was described as a stone called Peridot that was said to be good against the cramps.

 

Considered precious and rare, peridots from meteorites can fetch large sums at auction. In 2008 peridot crystals sourced from a Pallasite meteorite went for auction within the Pallasite with a guide price of close to $3 million. It was never sold.

 

Peridot is valued as a gestone and often mistaken for the emerald due to its intense green colour.

 

 

 
Specificationthe act of describing or identifying something precisely, a detailed description of the design and materials used to make something.
Peridot is distinctive for its intense green colour yet can sometimes appear as an orange to yellow, brownish green. It has a conchoidal fracture with a vitreous, glassy luster and a Mohs Scale rating of 6.5-7 hardness.

 

 
Varietiesa number or range of things of the same general class that are different or distinct in character or quality.
Peridot is a type of Ovaline of which Chrysolite is another variety.

 

 

 
Esoteric Attributesa quality or feature as characteristic of or possed by something.
Crystals by their very nature are able to receive and focus energy in different ways. Their molecular structure enables them to be used to amplify and convert energy and hence crystals have been used for centuries to aid healing and transmute energy both in the metaphysical and physical world.

 

Because each crystal family has different formational backgrounds, each also has different vibrational frequencies that can be harnesed and used for specific purposes. Each therefore have specific qualities that can be used to help a person heal on the many different levels of their being.

 

The following is a list of healing attributes associated with Peridot crystals.

 

Mental: Peridot enables us to admit to our mistakes and detatch ourselves from external influences that may have negative connotations.
 
Emotional: Peridot dissolves the harshness of anger, grievance and a guilty conscience. It fortifies the resolve to be independant.
 
Physical: Peridot is an aid to the removal and detoxification of warts, fungi and infection. It fortifies the small intestine, gallbladder and liver.
 

 

Crystal Chart – Peridot

 

Crystal: Peridot
Mineralogy: Magnesium iron island silicate
Geometric form: Orthorhombic
Formation: Primary
Family: Silicates
Birthstone: Peridot is associated with the astrological signs of Virgo, Scorpio, Sagittarius and Leo.
Appearance: Conchoidal fracture with a vitreous, glassy luster and a Mohs Scale rating of 6.5-7 hardness.
Aura: Peridot is a protective stone for the energy that sooths and bring balance and supportive energy.
Colour: Peridot is distinctive for its intense green colour yet can sometimes appear as an orange to yellow, brownish green.
Chakra: Peridot is associated primarily with the Heart Chakra and also the Solar Plexus Chakra. It is used for alignment and maintenance with these Chakras.

 

 

 

International Crystals – References and resources:

 

Michael Gienger, Healing Crystals, Earthdancer Books, 2009

The Columbia Encyclopedia, Crystal, 6th ed. 2014

World of Earth Science, Quartz, 2003

Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology, Crystal Healing, 2001

http://gemstone-dictionary.com/birthstones-by-month.php

New Oxford American Dictionary

 

 

 

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Rose Quartz


Pink Quartz – International Crystals Encyclopedia https://www.gemzworld.com/

 

 
 
Originthe place or situation from which something comes, the beginning of something’s existence, the point from which it starts out, the thing from which it is ultimately derived.
Pink Quartz is a variety of Quartz which is a silicate mineral. It is a crystal of primary formation which means it was formed from molten magma. This usually happens in cavities in volcanoes where the combination of chemistry and structural arrangements of mineral deposits, atoms and substances pass from gas or liquid into a solid state or by means of going out of solution by precipitation or evaporation.

 

Trace particles of titanium, iron or manganese that integrate with the silica acid particles during transformation gives the quartz its beautiful pink colour. Otherwise the formation would appear colourless.

 

The rare type of pink quartz known as crystalline rose quartz is formed when particles of aluminium or phosphate become ingrained in the formation.

 

All crystals belong to a different group according to the basis of the relationships of their axes. There are 7 systems and 32 classes of symmetry. Pink Quartz crystals belong to the Trigonal system.

 

 
Historythe past considered as a whole, the whole series of past events connected with someone or sometihing, a continuous typically chronological record of importance.
Pink Quartz has been traced through archeological reference as far back as 7000 BC through the finding of rose quartz beads in Mesopotamia.

 

Native American tribes referred to rose quartz amulets as the love stone and in Egypt it was thought to prevent aging. In Roman times the gem was used as a seal to show ownership.

 

It is widely used as a gem worldwide and can be sourced, mainly as a secondary commercial mining process, in locations that include Madagascar and Brazil among others.

 

 
Specificationthe act of describing or identifying something precisely, a detailed description of the design and materials used to make something.
Pink Quartz has a vitreous luster and is transparent to transluscent. It has a conchoidal, brittle fracture and a weak fluorescence. The gem has a Mohs Scale Rating of 7 on the hardness scale.

 

 

 
Varietiesa number or range of things of the same general class that are different or distinct in character or quality.
There are many different varieties of Quartz, major types include and are not limited to;

 

  • Agate
  • Chalcedony
  • Onyx
  • Jasper
  • Citrine
  • Amethyst
  • Smoky Quartz
  • Milky Quartz
  • Tiger’s Eye
  • Rock Crystal
  • Aventurine
  • Prasiolite
  • Rutilated Quartz
  • Carnelian
  • Dumortierite Quartz

 

 

 
Esoteric Attributesa quality or feature as characteristic of or possed by something.
Crystals by their very nature are able to receive and focus energy in different ways. Their molecular structure enables them to be used to amplify and convert energy and hence crystals have been used for centuries to aid healing and transmute energy both in the metaphysical and physical world.

 

Because each crystal family has different formational backgrounds, each also has different vibrational frequencies that can be harnesed and used for specific purposes. Each therefore have specific qualities that can be used to help a person heal on the many different levels of their being.

 

The following is a list of healing attributes associated with Pink Quartz crystals.

 

Mental: Pink Quartz is a soothing crystal that promotes a calm and gentle ambience. It brings to reality the actions achieved towards doing thigs that one enjoys doing.
 
Emotional: Pink Quartz enhances personal talent and brings a joy of life and living. It instills a liveliness and cheerfulness within.
 
Physical: Pink Quartz is a calming stone for the nerves and helps to sooth over wrought senses. The stone delivers a sense of well being.
 

 

Crystal Chart – Pink Quartz

 

Crystal: Pink Quartz
Mineralogy: Pink Crystalline Quartz
Geometric form: Trigonal
Formation: Primary
Family: Quartz
Birthstone: Pink Quartz is associated with the astrological signs of Taurus and Libra.
Appearance: Vitreous luster, transparent to translucent with a conchoidal, brittle fracture.
Aura: Pink Quartz is used to bring auric calm by clearing out all negative energies associated with anger, jealousy and greed.
Colour: Dusky Pink
Chakra: Pink Quartz is primarily associated with the Heart Chakra as it opens the heart to love, self-love and well being.

 

 

 

International Crystals – References and resources:

 

Michael Gienger, Healing Crystals, Earthdancer Books, 2009

The Columbia Encyclopedia, Crystal, 6th ed. 2014

World of Earth Science, Quartz, 2003

Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology, Crystal Healing, 2001

http://gemstone-dictionary.com/birthstones-by-month.php

New Oxford American Dictionary

 

 

 

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Tourmaline


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Tree Agate


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Variscite


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Hawks Eye


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Origin

Falcon’s eye is a blue black to blue green opaque gemstone variety of fibrous quartz. All Tiger Eye is chatoyant which derives from the French language for “cat’s eye”. In the middle ages, the Falcons Eye was worn for protection as an amulet against witchcraft, demons and the evil eye.

Some stones with a higher oxidized iron are more bluish brown colour. It is typically multi-coloured with golden stripes or wavy patterns. It is an opaque fibrous aggregate, variety of microcrystalline quartz.  It displays an iridescence that enhances its silky luster.It is a pseudo morph of quartz meaning it changed from one mineral to another over time. Falcon’s eye was once crocidolite and changed to quartz. Crocidolite is a fibrous blue mineral; from the riebeckite family of amphibole silicates. It has a distinct composition, colour and chatoyancy with a silicon dioxide composition. It has a good hardness and durability. It has lower iron content than Tigers Eye.It is always cut to maximise its chatoyancy and associated closely with Tigers Eye and Pietersite.

It is quite rare and therefore not seen in much jewellery only interesting pendants or beaded necklaces. It is often carved for ornamental purposes. Its colour makes it a popular gemstone for men’s jewellery as cuff links or tie racks.

It can be found in many locations around the world like Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, India, Kora, Burma, Namibia, South Africa Spain and the US.

Physical

This crystal helps with eye related problems, relief of spinal problems and neck problems; it is also helpful to sinus blockages. Falcons eye helps relieve pain, shivering and hormonal hyperactivity Falcon’s eye crystal helps soothe fears related to travelling; it protects one when travelling in remote areas.

Emotional

Falcon’s eye has grounding and warming energy. It helps banish the winter blues. It helps with nervousness and inner restlessness. It makes it easy to retain overview in complex situations. It helps us to understand our own life –plan. It encourages understanding of complex and seemingly random events. It strengthens the decision making process, willpower and courage. It helps to speak more and gain more confidence.

 Attributes

It is a Shamanic stone, helpful to anyone undertaking a magical journey, astral trip or spiritual challenge. It helps deepen meditation, see the truth in order to grow and attune the third eye.

Specifications

Mineral : Silicon Dioxide
Geometric Form : Trigonal
Formation : Primary
Family: Quartz
Colour Ray: Brown gold
Birthstone: Gemini
Appearance: Opaque silky lustre
Aura: Brown gold
Colour: Blue grey black
Chakra: Base

 

 

 

 

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Jade


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Origin

Jade or Nephrite derives its name from the Greek word “nephros” meaning kidney. Jade was long considered an “imperial gem”. Jade has long been an esteemed majestic stone in the Chinese empire similar to diamonds and gold in western countries. Widely considered an elite stone it was presented to the Chinese imperial court where skilled artisans turned them into masterpieces. Jade was widely used in the making of Chinese scholars’ objects like calligraphy brushes, mouthpieces and opium pipes. Nephrite jade can be found in China for utilitarian and ceremonial purposes, from indoor and decorative items to jade burial sites.  Indigenous tribes in Mexico, central and South America and New Zealand carved jade into deity masks and ritual artefacts.

Jade is comprised of metamorphic rocks called silicate minerals called Nephrite and Jadeite. These are then classified into grades in the ABC Treatment System. Nephrite is a calcium magnesium silicate while jadeite is a sodium aluminium silicate. Each has different compositions, hardness, densities and crystal structures.

Nephrite is usually a creamy white form, mid to deep olive green, brown and black. It has a smooth surface polish and the most common form of jade.  Jadeite comes in blue, lavender mauve, pink and emerald green. Different colours were imported to Burma in 1800. It is hard and lustrous, rarer than Nephrite and more valuable. Imperial Jade is the rarest and most treasured form.

Physical

It is a powerful cleansing stone. It aids the spleen, kidneys and supra-adrenal glands, removing toxins and balancing fluids. It helps treats reproductive disorders. Imperial jade is most useful for the healing process after surgery.

 

Emotional

Jade is a dream stone it releases negative thoughts, irritability and soothes the mind it helps release ones limitation one has put on oneself. It helps access the spiritual world, encourages creativity and dream interpretation. It is the stone of serenity in the midst of a storm. It recharges energy and heals feelings of guilt. It is a crystal of love and supports new love. It provides confidence, self-assurance, self-reliance and self suffiency.

Other varieties include:

Brown Jade is grounding. It connects to the earth and provides comfort and reliability.

Lavender Jade alleviates emotional hurt and provides spiritual nourishment. Its energy is of the highest etheric spectrum.

Orange Jade brings joy and teaches the interconnectedness of all beings. It is energetic and quietly stimulating.

Purple Jade encourages mirth and happiness, and purifies one’s aura. It dispels the negative and increases one’s level of discernment.

Red Jade is a stone of life-force energy, dispelling fear that holds one back, and urges one to action.

White Jade filters distractions, pulls in relevant, constructive information and aids in decision making.

Yellow Jade is cheerful and energetic, a stone of assimilation and discrimination.

 

Attributes

It is most valued for its metaphysical properties. It is used widely as a protective talisman while traveling and an amulet of good luck and friendship.

 

Specifications

 

Mineral :  Silicate
Geometric Form :  Primary
Formation :  Monoclinic
Family:  Jade
Colour Ray:  Vary
Birthstone:  Leo Virgo August
Appearance:  Transluent to opaque
Aura:  Vary
Colour:  green lavender red yellow white black
Chakra:  Heart chakra

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Kunzite


Kunzite (Spodumene) – International Crystals Encyclopedia https://www.gemzworld.com/

 

 
 
Originthe place or situation from which something comes, the beginning of something’s existence, the point from which it starts out, the thing from which it is ultimately derived.
Kunzite, a variety of spodumene, is a chain silicate that consists of lithium aluminium inosilicate which is a pyroxene mineral. It is a pink to lilac colour variety with the colour derived from traces of manganese.

 

It occurs in lithium rich granite , aplites and pegmatites and significant sources are found in the localities of Afghanistan, Brazil, Australia and Madagascar, among others.

 

All crystals belong to a different group according to the basis of the relationships of their axes. There are 7 systems and 32 classes of symmetry. Kunzite crystals belong to the Monoclinic system.

 

 
Historythe past considered as a whole, the whole series of past events connected with someone or sometihing, a continuous typically chronological record of importance.
Kunzite was discovered in 1902, so has a very recent documented mineral history. It was named after the noted mineralogist and Chief Jeweller (at the time) of Tiffany & Co; George Frederick Kunze.

 

It is embedded in a noteable piece of jewellery, the Russian Palmette Tiara, which has been worn by the Duchess of Gloucester.

 

 
Specificationthe act of describing or identifying something precisely, a detailed description of the design and materials used to make something.
Kunzite has an uneven to subconchoidal fracture with a brittle tenacity. The stone has a vitreous luster which is pearly on the cleavage and can contain a white streak.

 

Pleochoism is srong in Kunzite and measures 6.5-7 on the Mohs scale rating of hardness.

 

 
Varietiesa number or range of things of the same general class that are different or distinct in character or quality.
Kunzite is a variety of Spodumene of which Hiddenite is also another variety. Associated minerals to Spodumene include but are not limited to:

 

  • Albite
  • Quartz
  • Petalite
  • Eucryptite
  • Beryl
  • Lepidolite

 

 

 
Esoteric Attributesa quality or feature as characteristic of or possed by something.
Crystals by their very nature are able to receive and focus energy in different ways. Their molecular structure enables them to be used to amplify and convert energy and hence crystals have been used for centuries to aid healing and transmute energy both in the metaphysical and physical world.

 

Because each crystal family has different formational backgrounds, each also has different vibrational frequencies that can be harnesed and used for specific purposes. Each therefore have specific qualities that can be used to help a person heal on the many different levels of their being.

 

The following is a list of healing attributes associated with Kunzite crystals.

 

Mental: Kunzite is an aid in the acceptance of criticism.It strengthens tolerance and promotes a willingness to serve. It is a contemplative stone that promotes loving thoughts.
 
Emotional: Kunzite increases empathy and strengthens humility.  It provides peace and heals heartache.
 
Physical: Kunzite releases constraints and tension in the heart. It is an aid to toothache and alleviates neuralgia and static neuralgia.
 

 

Crystal Chart – Kunzite

 

Crystal: Kunzite
Mineralogy: Pink Chain Silicate
Geometric form: Monoclinic
Formation: Primary
Family: Silicates
Birthstone: Kunzite is associated with the Astrological signs of Taurus, Scorpio and Leo.
Appearance: Uneven to subconchoidal fracture with a brittle tenacity. The stone has a vitreous luster which is pearly on the cleavage and can contain a white streak
Aura: Kunzite is a highly spiritual stone that promotes love and peace and clears the aura of negativity.
Colour: Colours range from clear, colourless, lilac and pink.
Chakra: Kunzite is a stone of high vibration that is associated with the activation of the Heart Chakra. It aligns this with the Throat and Third Eye Chakras.

 

 

 

International Crystals – References and resources:

 

Michael Gienger, Healing Crystals, Earthdancer Books, 2009

The Columbia Encyclopedia, Crystal, 6th ed. 2014

World of Earth Science, Quartz, 2003

Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology, Crystal Healing, 2001

http://gemstone-dictionary.com/birthstones-by-month.php

New Oxford American Dictionary

 

 

 

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Malachite


Malachite – International Crystals Encyclopedia https://www.gemzworld.com/

 

 
 
Originthe place or situation from which something comes, the beginning of something’s existence, the point from which it starts out, the thing from which it is ultimately derived.
Malachite is an alkaline copper carbonate that is mainly found together with goethite, calcite and azurite. It is often formed from the weathering of copper ores and is  normally connected with limestones that are based with copper deposits.

 

It also forms in caverns deep underground in large stalagmatic, fibrous or botryoidal masses where the means for chemical precipitation is provided by hydrothermal fluids and water tables.

 

All crystals belong to a different group according to the basis of the relationships of their axes. There are 7 systems and 32 classes of symmetry. Malachite crystals belong to the Monoclinic system.

 

 
Historythe past considered as a whole, the whole series of past events connected with someone or sometihing, a continuous typically chronological record of importance.
Malachite was said to resemble the mallow plants by the Greeks who named the stone for that description. The name is aso derived from the Middle French, melochite, Middle English, melochites and the Latin; molochitis.

 

The stone has been documented at over 3000 years old by archeological evidence found of the mineral being mined and smelted for copper in the Timna Valley in Israel at that time.

 

It has since been widely used for pigment, ornamentation and in gemstones.

 

 
Specificationthe act of describing or identifying something precisely, a detailed description of the design and materials used to make something.
Malachite is transluscent to opaque with a subconchoidal to uneven fracture. The green banded stone has an adamtine to vitreous luster that appears silky if formed as fibrous or dull to earthy if massive. It is not a particularly hard mineral and measures 3.5-4 on the Mohs scale rating of hardness.

 

Up until 1800, malachite was used in green paints as a mineral pigment until it was replaced by a synthetic form. . The noted malachite vase, the Tazza, was a gift from the Tzar Nicholas II and stands in the Linda Hall library, it is one of the largest pieces of malachite in North America.

 

 

 
Varietiesa number or range of things of the same general class that are different or distinct in character or quality.
Malachite is normally associated from source with calcite, geothite and azurite however it is a unique secondary mineral.

 

 

 
Esoteric Attributesa quality or feature as characteristic of or possed by something.
Crystals by their very nature are able to receive and focus energy in different ways. Their molecular structure enables them to be used to amplify and convert energy and hence crystals have been used for centuries to aid healing and transmute energy both in the metaphysical and physical world.

 

Because each crystal family has different formational backgrounds, each also has different vibrational frequencies that can be harnesed and used for specific purposes. Each therefore have specific qualities that can be used to help a person heal on the many different levels of their being.

 

The following is a list of healing attributes associated with Malachite crystals.

 

Mental: Malachite is an aid in the promotion of the power of decision making and the use of the imagination.
 
Emotional: Malachite gives depth to life emotions. It also promotes an adventurous spirit and helps with sexual issues.
 
Physical: Malachite is a setoxifiaction stone that enhances the liver, nerves and brain. It is an aid to the alleviation of menstrual cramps, other cramps and rheumatism.
 

 

Crystal Chart – Malachite

 

Crystal: Malachite
Mineralogy: Alakaline Copper Carbonate
Geometric form: Monoclinic
Formation: Secondary
Family: Carbonates
Birthstone: Malachite is associated with the Astrological signs of Scorpio and Capricorn.
Appearance: Transluscent to opaque with a subconchoidal to uneven fracture. The green banded stone has an adamtine to vitreous luster that appears silky if formed as fibrous or dull to earthy if massive. Measures 3.5-4 on the Mohs scale rating of hardness
Aura: Malachite gives amplification to the energies and draws out negative energies. It is a transformation stone that gives deep energy cleaning and promotes positivity.
Colour: Malachite is a vibrant green banded colour..
Chakra: Malachite is associated with the Heart Chakra and also the Third Eye and Throat Chakras and clears and activates in order to balance and stimulate.

 

 

 

International Crystals – References and resources:

 

Michael Gienger, Healing Crystals, Earthdancer Books, 2009

The Columbia Encyclopedia, Crystal, 6th ed. 2014

World of Earth Science, Quartz, 2003

Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology, Crystal Healing, 2001

http://gemstone-dictionary.com/birthstones-by-month.php

New Oxford American Dictionary

 

 

 

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Moss Agate


Moss Agate – International Crystals Encyclopedia https://www.gemzworld.com/ 
Originthe place or situation from which something comes, the beginning of something’s existence, the point from which it starts out, the thing from which it is ultimately derived.
Moss Agate is a crystal  type of Agate and is formed from silicon dioxide. The moss terminology refers to the green coloured minerals, that include metal impurities such as iron or chrome, formed within the agate that has a similar appearance and pattern of moss. 

Agate is a crystal of primary formation which means it was formed from molten magma. This usualy happens in cavities in volcanoes where the combination of chemistary and structural arrangements of mineral deposits, atoms and substances pass from gas or liquid into a solid state or by means of going out of solution by precipitation or evaporation.

 

Agate is made up of silicon dioxide a variety of Chalcedony which is a part of the Quartz family. The intricate bands found in Agate crystals is said to be a result of saline water trapped in the gas. When it starts to cool it begins to fight the iron in the lava by pushing off the walls of its cavaties creating a rippling effect and subsequent beauty in its formation.

 

Although Agate crystals are often found in volcanic rocks they can also be found in many other rocks including metamorphic rocks.

 

All crystals belong to a different group according to the basis of the relationships of their axes. There are 7 systems and 32 classes of symmetry. Moss Agate crystals belong to the Trigonal system.

 

Historythe past considered as a whole, the whole series of past events connected with someone or sometihing, a continuous typically chronological record of importance.
Ancient myth tells the story of this interesting and unique crystal stone being found in the Achates river in Sicily which was a Greek colony at the time.

 

The river is now know as the Drillo River but the old Greek word ‘Agateec’ which means happy was adopted as this beautiful crystals name. A greek philosopher named Theophrastus is said to have discovered the stone between the 4th and 3rd centuries BC.

 

Agate is said to have been widely used in ancient Egypt and became popular throughout the middle ages in Europe. It has grown in popularity over the years mainly due to its unique and interesting desings. Agate and its diffiring variants are now widley sought throughout the world.

 

Specificationthe act of describing or identifying something precisely, a detailed description of the design and materials used to make something.
In its raw form Agates are rough and need to be polished down to reveal the stones true form and unique style. Agates come in many different colours and each one will be different in design. Many Agate crystals have a band like design running through them, somewhat similar to the rings on an old tree.

 

Agate is a very strong stone and is specifically good at resisting acids. It is also widly used to create ornaments and jewlery. It comes in a variety of shapes, sizes and pattrens and is know for its glass like apperance when polished.

 

Varietiesa number or range of things of the same general class that are different or distinct in character or quality.
There are many different varieties of Agate, these include and are not limited to; 

  • Agate
  • Fire Agate
  • Fortification Agate
  • Lace Agate or Crazy Lace
  • Agate, pink, Apricot Agate
  • Agate red, Blood Agate
  • Dendritic Agate
  • Eye Agate
  • Layered Agate, Banded Agate
  • Snakeskin Agate
  • Star Agate
  • Tubular Agate
  • Agate, white Peace Agate
  • Agate, white/black Zebra Agate

 

 

Esoteric Attributesa quality or feature as characteristic of or possed by something.
Crystals by their very nature are able to receive and focus energy in different ways. Their molecular structure enables them to be used to amplify and convert energy and hence crystals have been used for centuries to aid healing and transmute energy both in the metaphysical and physical world. 

Because each crystal family has different formational backgrounds, each also has different vibrational frequencies that can be harnesed and used for specific purposes. Each therefore have specific qualities that can be used to help a person heal on the many different levels of their being.

 

The following is a list of healing attributes associated with Moss Agate crystals.

 

Mental: Agate crystals are said to help a person enhance their sense of reality and develop pragmatic thinking skills. Moss agate gives alertness to the mind and strengthens communication.
Emotional: Agate crystals can be used to assist a person develop an inner stability and composure within themselves and aids one to harness their maturity. It releases pressure and strain of emotional issues. It is also a very good crystal for building self confidence, security and warmth.
Physical: Moss Agate is an aid to reducing fever as well as providing relief from persistant infections, colds and coughs. It is a cleanser of the respiratory, lymph and tissue tracts.

 

Crystal Chart – Moss Agate

 

Crystal: Moss Agate
Mineralogy: Chalcedony with Green Dendrites
Geometric form: Trigonal
Formation: Secondary
Family: Quartz
Birthstone: Moss Agate is associated with the Astrological sign of Virgo.
Appearance: Transluscent to opaque with a variable fluorescence. The stone has a vitreous luster and measures 6.5-7 on the Mohs scale rating.
Aura: Agate crystals are often used to remove and transform negative energy from the aura and can help cleanse and stabilize it bringing about a calmer and more balanced energy flow within.
Colour: Colours range from gray, white, transparent and green. It contains a green moss like impurity pattern within the stone.
Chakra: Agates can help remove blocks within all the chakra, with specific colours being more atuned to their coresponding chakra.

 

 

 

International Crystals – References and resources:

 

Michael Gienger, Healing Crystals, Earthdancer Books, 2009

The Columbia Encyclopedia, Crystal, 6th ed. 2014

World of Earth Science, Quartz, 2003

Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology, Crystal Healing, 2001

http://gemstone-dictionary.com/birthstones-by-month.php

New Oxford American Dictionary

 

 

 

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Nephrite


Jadeite slab6467c239f4e80c05c2e672511f4c484b

 

Origin

Jade or Nephrite derives its name from the Greek word “nephros” meaning kidney. Jade was long considered an “imperial gem”. Jade has long been an esteemed majestic stone in the Chinese empire similar to diamonds and gold in western countries. Widely considered an elite stone it was presented to the Chinese imperial court where skilled artisans turned them into masterpieces. Jade was widely used in the making of Chinese scholars’ objects like calligraphy brushes, mouthpieces and opium pipes. Nephrite jade can be found in China for utilitarian and ceremonial purposes, from indoor and decorative items to jade burial sites.  Indigenous tribes in Mexico, central and South America and New Zealand carved jade into deity masks and ritual artefacts.

Jade is comprised of metamorphic rocks called silicate minerals called Nephrite and Jadeite. These are then classified into grades in the ABC Treatment System. Nephrite is a calcium magnesium silicate while jadeite is a sodium aluminium silicate. Each has different compositions, hardness, densities and crystal structures.

Nephrite is usually a creamy white form, mid to deep olive green, brown and black. It has a smooth surface polish and the most common form of jade.  Jadeite comes in blue, lavender mauve, pink and emerald green. Different colours were imported to Burma in 1800. It is hard and lustrous, rarer than Nephrite and more valuable. Imperial Jade is the rarest and most treasured form.

Physical

It is a powerful cleansing stone. It aids the spleen, kidneys and supra-adrenal glands, removing toxins and balancing fluids. It helps treats reproductive disorders. Imperial jade is most useful for the healing process after surgery.

 

Emotional

Jade is a dream stone it releases negative thoughts, irritability and soothes the mind it helps release ones limitation one has put on oneself. It helps access the spiritual world, encourages creativity and dream interpretation. It is the stone of serenity in the midst of a storm. It recharges energy and heals feelings of guilt. It is a crystal of love and supports new love. It provides confidence, self-assurance, self-reliance and self suffiency.

Other varieties include:

Brown Jade is grounding. It connects to the earth and provides comfort and reliability.

Lavender Jade alleviates emotional hurt and provides spiritual nourishment. Its energy is of the highest etheric spectrum.

Orange Jade brings joy and teaches the interconnectedness of all beings. It is energetic and quietly stimulating.

Purple Jade encourages mirth and happiness, and purifies one’s aura. It dispels the negative and increases one’s level of discernment.

Red Jade is a stone of life-force energy, dispelling fear that holds one back, and urges one to action.

White Jade filters distractions, pulls in relevant, constructive information and aids in decision making.

Yellow Jade is cheerful and energetic, a stone of assimilation and discrimination.

 

Attributes

It is most valued for its metaphysical properties. It is used widely as a protective talisman while traveling and an amulet of good luck and friendship.

 

Specifications

 

Mineral :  Silicate
Geometric Form :  Primary
Formation :  Monoclinic
Family:  Jade
Colour Ray:  Vary
Birthstone:  Leo Virgo August
Appearance:  Transluent to opaque
Aura:  Vary
Colour:  green lavender red yellow white black
Chakra:  Heart chakra

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Dioptase


Dioptase – International Crystals Encyclopedia https://www.gemzworld.com/

 

 
 
Originthe place or situation from which something comes, the beginning of something’s existence, the point from which it starts out, the thing from which it is ultimately derived.
Dioptase is a relatively uncommon copper cyclosilicate that forms as a secondary mineral within copper sulfide mineral deposits that occur with an oxidized zone.

 

It is uncommon as it only occurs in dry climates where acids are buffered by carbonate and, over time, tiny, minute particles of silica reacts with dissolved copper to form the crystal.

 

All crystals belong to a different group according to the basis of the relationships of their axes. There are 7 systems and 32 classes of symmetry. Dioptase crystals belong to the Trigonal system.

 

 
Historythe past considered as a whole, the whole series of past events connected with someone or sometihing, a continuous typically chronological record of importance.
Dioptase has a documentated history that stretches back to around 7200 BC. This is known due to the discovery at Ain Ghazal of three pre-neolithic B lime plaster statues known as Noah, Heifa and Micah. The statues’ eyes were highlighted at the edges with the green Dioptase.

 

Khazakstan deposits were discovered in the late 18th Century in copper mines that contained veins of emerald green, transparent crystals. It was orignally thought to be emeralds but on analysis it was determined that it was too soft.

 

The crystal was eventually named by the French mineralogist, Fr Rene Just Hauy, after the Greek terms dia and optos. These terms mean through and visible and refer to the duo of cleavage directions that can be seen in unbroken types of Dioptase.

 

 
Specificationthe act of describing or identifying something precisely, a detailed description of the design and materials used to make something.
Dioptase has a cleavage that is perfect in three directions. It is transparent to transluscent with a vitreous luster. The stone has a conchoidal fracture and is very brittle with a mid hardness on the Mohs scale of 5.

 

The stone is popular with collectors and is sometimes used to create small gems that are emerald like in appearance. It is not used extensively in jewellery due to its brittleness and fragility. It can also be ground into a pigment for painting.

 

 

 
Varietiesa number or range of things of the same general class that are different or distinct in character or quality.
Dioptase is a unique stone that is likened to an emerald due to its colour and is also associated with the Chrysocolla crystal.

 

 

 

 
Esoteric Attributesa quality or feature as characteristic of or possed by something.
Crystals by their very nature are able to receive and focus energy in different ways. Their molecular structure enables them to be used to amplify and convert energy and hence crystals have been used for centuries to aid healing and transmute energy both in the metaphysical and physical world.

 

Because each crystal family has different formational backgrounds, each also has different vibrtional frequencies that can be harnesed and used for specific purposes. Each therefore have specific qualities that can be used to help a person heal on the many different levels of their being.

 

The following is a list of healing attributes associated with Dioptase crystals.

 

Mental: Dioptase is a creative stone that opens up unlimited ideas for creativity. It unleashes the hidden potential of a person.
 
Emotional: Dioptase brings on intensive dreams and hidden depths of feelings and emotion. It is an aid to projecting self-perception and outward perception in the right way.
 
Physical: Dioptase is an aid to the alleviation of cramps and pains. The stone is also used to fortify the liver.
 

 

Crystal Chart – Dioptase

 

Crystal: Dioptase
Mineralogy: Hydrous Copper Ring Silicate
Geometric form: Trigonal
Formation: Secondary
Family: Silicate
Birthstone: Dioptase is associated with the Astrological signs of Scorpio and Sagittarius.
Apperance: Vitreous luster with a conchoidal fracture. Dioptase has a three direction, perfect cleavage and is transluscent to transparent with a brittle, fragile tenacity.
Aura: Dioptase brings balance to the Aura providing enhancement to the meditative state and smoothing the channels for the energy flow within.
Colour: Dioptase appears with a vibrant green colour, similar to that of the emerald..
Chakra: Dioptase is associated with the Heart Chakra. It is used to clear and enhance all the Chakras to a higher awareness level.

 

 

 

International Crystals – References and resources:

 

Michael Gienger, Healing Crystals, Earthdancer Books, 2009

The Columbia Encyclopedia, Crystal, 6th ed. 2014

World of Earth Science, Quartz, 2003

Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology, Crystal Healing, 2001

http://gemstone-dictionary.com/birthstones-by-month.php

New Oxford American Dictionary

 

 

 

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Emerald


Emerald – International Crystals Encyclopedia https://www.gemzworld.com/

 

Originthe place or situation from which something comes, the beginning of something’s existence, the point from which it starts out, the thing from which it is ultimately derived.
Emerald is a crystal which is a variety of the Beryl mineral. It takes it vibrant green colour from the trace amounts of chromium and, at times, vanadium that infiltrate the mineral.

 

The majority of the beryls are formed in igneous rocks and related gneisses, mica schists and pegamite dikes. On other, less frequent, occasions the crystal can also be sourced from sedimentary rocks which includes limestone and shale.

 

 

All crystals belong to a different group according to the basis of the relationships of their axes. There are 7 systems and 32 classes of symmetry. Emerald crystals belong to the Hexagonal system.

 

Historythe past considered as a whole, the whole series of past events connected with someone or sometihing, a continuous typically chronological record of importance.
The name Emerald is derived from the ancient Greek word, Smaragdus, meaning green. It is also given its name from the middle English, Emeraude, and the vulgar Latin, Esmeraldus. It was referred to by Pliny the Elder as ‘nothing greens greener’ in his Natural History documentation dating back to the first century AD.

 

Ancient legend dictates that the emerald was one of the four precious stones given to Solomon by God which bequeathed the ruler with the power over all creation. The gem was also associated with Cleopatra who used it in her Royal costume. The first heralded emerald mines were said to be found in Egypt dating from around 300 BC.

 

The Incas used the stone in religious events and jewellery yet it wasn’t until the Spanish invaded the New World in 16th Century exploration that the gem found itself as a trade commodity and became prevalant in Europe and Asia.

 

As well as Egypt, early deposits were also mined in Austria and India from the 14th Century. Present day significant deposits are mined extensively in Columbia.

 

 

Specificationthe act of describing or identifying something precisely, a detailed description of the design and materials used to make something.
Distinctive by their vibrant green hue, the emerald forms as a massive or crystalline habit with a dihexagonal dipyaramidal crystal symmetry. They are transparent to opaque however a high end gem would have to be transparent with a pure green hue to be classified accordingly.

The stone has a vitreous lustre and an conchoidal fracture and is relative to beryl in hardness, showing a Mohs scale rating of 7.5 -8.

 

Emeralds are used extensively for high end jewellery and adornment.

 

Varietiesa number or range of things of the same general class that are different or distinct in character or quality.
Emeralds are a unique stone that can appear in synthetic as well as natural form. Notable emeralds include:

 

  • Duke of Devonshire Emerald
  • Mogul Mughal Emerald
  • Gachala Emerald
  • Chalk Emerald
  • Bahia Emerald

 

 

Esoteric Attributesa quality or feature as characteristic of or possed by something.
Crystals by their very nature are able to receive and focus energy in different ways. Their molecular structure enables them to be used to amplify and convert energy and hence crystals have been used for centuries to aid healing and transmute energy both in the metaphysical and physical world.

 

Because each crystal family has different formational backgrounds, each also has different vibrtional frequencies that can be harnesed and used for specific purposes. Each therefore have specific qualities that can be used to help a person heal on the many different levels of their being.

 

The following is a list of healing attributes associated with Emerald crystals.

 

Mental: The emerald is said to encourage mental clarity and sharpen the memory. It strengthens the ability to seek things and acheive objectives set.
Emotional: The stone aids regeneration and supports recuperation. It also brings justice and harmony and draws wisdom, unity, love and loyalty to a person.
Physical: Emerald crystals aid the battle against diseases that affect the intestine, eyes and heart. It also helps with epilepsy, sinusitis and headaches.

 

Crystal Chart – Emerald

 

Crystal: Emerald
Mineralogy: Beryl containing Chromium
Geometric form: Hexagonal
Formation: Primary | Tertiary
Family: Beryl
Birthstone: Emerald is the traditional birth stone of the month of May.

 

Astrology Birthstone (Zodiac) –Emerald is associated with the astrological signs of Gemini, Taurus and occasionally, Cancer.

Apperance: Vitreous lustre with conchoidal fracture. The stone is transparent with a Mohs scale hardness of 7.5-8.
Aura: Emeralds bring synchronicity to the aura and open up the channels of clarity in communication. It is revered for its green ray energy that brings healing and love.
Colour: Emeralds have a strikingly deep and vibrant, green hue.
Chakra: Emeralds are primarily asscoiated with the Heart Chakra for its strong ability to bring love and bliss. It will open up the heart and bring healing soothness.

 

 

 

International Crystals – References and resources:

 

Michael Gienger, Healing Crystals, Earthdancer Books, 2009

The Columbia Encyclopedia, Crystal, 6th ed. 2014

World of Earth Science, Quartz, 2003

Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology, Crystal Healing, 2001

http://gemstone-dictionary.com/birthstones-by-month.php

New Oxford American Dictionary

 

 

 

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Apophyllite


Apophyllite, Green – International Crystals Encyclopedia https://www.gemzworld.com/

 

 
 
Originthe place or situation from which something comes, the beginning of something’s existence, the point from which it starts out, the thing from which it is ultimately derived.
Apophyllite is a water containing sheet silicate and the name refers to a specific group of phyllosilicates.

 

The group name originally refered to a single mineral however in 1978 it was changed to represent a class of minerals that contain a similar chemical formation.

 

Apophyllite is a secondary mineral found in vesicles in basalt or other volcanic rocks. They are found globaly in mineral areas such as   Jalgaon, India; the Harz Mountains of Germany, Mont Saint-Hilaire in Canada, and Kongsberg, Norway, with other locations in Scotland, Ireland, Brazil, Japan, and throughout the United States.

 

All crystals belong to a different group according to the basis of the relationships of their axes. There are 7 systems and 32 classes of symmetry. Apophyllite crystals belong to the Tetragonal system.

 

 
Historythe past considered as a whole, the whole series of past events connected with someone or sometihing, a continuous typically chronological record of importance.
 

Derived from a Greek meaning, the name Apophyllite refers to the term ‘flaking’ which connects with the class’s habit of flaking apart in the heat, due to water loss.

 

Apopyllites are popular with gem collectors as they are abundant and well defined and are produced in a variety of colours.

 

 
Specificationthe act of describing or identifying something precisely, a detailed description of the design and materials used to make something.
Apophyllites are naturally forming pyramidal structures that when tumbled can form natural pyramids. They have the beautiful ability to refract light in deep rainbow colours.

 

 
Varietiesa number or range of things of the same general class that are different or distinct in character or quality.
There main varieties of Apophyllite include

 

  • Fluorapophllite
  • Hydroxyapophyllite
  • Fluorapophllite NA (formerly natroapophyllite)

 

 

 
Esoteric Attributesa quality or feature as characteristic of or possed by something.
Crystals by their very nature are able to receive and focus energy in different ways. Their molecular structure enables them to be used to amplify and convert energy and hence crystals have been used for centuries to aid healing and transmute energy both in the metaphysical and physical world.

 

Because each crystal family has different formational backgrounds, each also has different vibrtional frequencies that can be harnesed and used for specific purposes. Each therefore have specific qualities that can be used to help a person heal on the many different levels of their being.

 

The following is a list of healing attributes associated with Apophyllite crystals.

 

Mental: Apophyllite crystals are said to offer respite after moments of momentous exertion.
 
Emotional: Apophyllite crystals are an aid to the release of oppressed emotions. They assist in relieving fear, pressure and the hemmed in feelings that can sometimes be repressed.
 
Physical: Apophyllite crystals are strong in the relief of the respiratory tract along with asthma and allergies. It also aids in skin problems and any issues with nerves.
 

 

Crystal Chart – Apophyllite

 

Crystal: Apophyllite
Mineralogy: Hydrated Potassium Calcium Sodium Silicate Flouride Hydroxide
Geometric form: Tetragonal
Formation: Secondary
Family: Silicates
Birthstone: Linked to Zodiac Signs of Gemini and Libra.
Appearance: Prismatic, tabular with uneven fracture. Vitreous; pearly
Aura: Apophyllite crystals help to open a conscious connection between the spiritual and physical worlds. It aids clear sight through its high vibrations which also develops intuition and future sightings.
Colour: Usually white or colourless but can also be blue, green, brown, yellow, pink and violet.
Chakra: Apophyllite act with the Third Eye and Crown chakras and aid reception to spiritual energy.

 

 

 

International Crystals – References and resources:

 

Michael Gienger, Healing Crystals, Earthdancer Books, 2009

The Columbia Encyclopedia, Crystal, 6th ed. 2014

World of Earth Science, Quartz, 2003

Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology, Crystal Healing, 2001

http://gemstone-dictionary.com/birthstones-by-month.php

New Oxford American Dictionary

 

 

 

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Aventurine


Aventurine – International Crystals Encyclopedia https://www.gemzworld.com/

 

 
 
Originthe place or situation from which something comes, the beginning of something’s existence, the point from which it starts out, the thing from which it is ultimately derived.
Aventurine is a crystal of primary formation which means it was formed from molten magma. This usualy happens in cavities in volcanoes where the combination of chemistary and structural arrangements of mineral deposits, atoms and substances pass from gas or liquid into a solid state or by means of going out of solution by precipitation or evaporation.

 

Aventurine is a type of Quartz which is a Silicate mineral. It is classified as a macrocrystalline crystal which means that it is large enough to be viewed without a microscope. The Aventurine is known for its shimmering or glistening effect which is caused by mineral trace inclusions of fuschite which allows for a silvery blue| green sheen. Aventurine is also found in the colours of pink, red and white.

 

All crystals belong to a different group according to the basis of the relationships of their axes. There are 7 systems and 32 classes of symmetry. Aventurine crystals belong to the Trigonal system.

 

 
Historythe past considered as a whole, the whole series of past events connected with someone or sometihing, a continuous typically chronological record of importance.
The crystal derives its name from the italian term a ventura which means by chance. This is attributed to the discovery of aventurine glass or goldstone at a time within the 18th Century.

 

The crystal is also said to honour the Irish Goddess of fertility, Brigit and the Phoenician Earth Goddess, Dione.

 

Aventurine is found largely in India and also in Spain, Russia and Chile. It is primarily used to be crafted into figurines and beads though some of the finer stones are used in jewellery.

 

 

 
Specificationthe act of describing or identifying something precisely, a detailed description of the design and materials used to make something.
 

As a stone, the physical aspects of Aventurine vary and its hardness is lower than the single crystal quartz. Aventurine is often banded and can in cases be viiewed as opaque when an over infusion of fuschite is prevelant.

 

The stone is mainly carved into figurines with the fine stone used to craft cabochons and later set into jewellery.

 

 
Varietiesa number or range of things of the same general class that are different or distinct in character or quality.
The Aventurine stnes are mainly classed as colour varieties. These include

 

  • Aventurine Red
  • Aventurine Pink
  • Aventurine Brown
  • Aventurine Green
  • Aventurine Blue
  • Aventurine Orange
  • Aventurine Yellow
  • Aventurine White

 

 

 
Esoteric Attributesa quality or feature as characteristic of or possed by something.
Crystals by their very nature are able to receive and focus energy in different ways. Their molecular structure enables them to be used to amplify and convert energy and hence crystals have been used for centuries to aid healing and transmute energy both in the metaphysical and physical world.

 

Because each crystal family has different formational backgrounds, each also has different vibrtional frequencies that can be harnesed and used for specific purposes. Each therefore have specific qualities that can be used to help a person heal on the many different levels of their being.

 

The following is a list of healing attributes associated with Agate crystals.

 

Mental: Aventurine can assist with sleep disorders and alleviate stress and nervousness. It prevents the mind from being disturbed by constantly racing thoughts.
 
Emotional: As well as aiding stress and providing relieving calm, Aventurine also helps promote an easy going nature.
 
Physical: Aventurine helps to alleviate sunburn and rashes. It also alleviates inflammation and sun stroke. The stone is a strong protection against arteriosclerosis and heart attacks.
 

 

Crystal Chart – Aventurine

 

Crystal: Aventurine
Mineralogy: Glittering Quartz, Silicate SiO2
Geometric form: Trigonal
Formation: Primary (moltan magma)
Family: Quartz
Birthstone: Aventurine is associated with the Astrological Sign of Aries. (One site says Taurus)
Appearance: Opaque to glistening due to the prescence of fucshite within the quartz. Banded and transluscent.
Aura: Aventurine helps the aura to be protected and stable. It brings strong earth energy in meditation which enables clarity of the vision of life offering.
Colour: Colours range from shimmering greens to variations of red, brown, yellow, blue, orange and white.
Chakra: Aventurines connection to Chakras vary by colour with all Chakras benefitting in some form from the stone.

 

 

 

International Crystals – References and resources:

 

Michael Gienger, Healing Crystals, Earthdancer Books, 2009

The Columbia Encyclopedia, Crystal, 6th ed. 2014

World of Earth Science, Quartz, 2003

Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology, Crystal Healing, 2001

http://gemstone-dictionary.com/birthstones-by-month.php

New Oxford American Dictionary

 

 

 

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Bloodstone


6bloodstone-india-belkis4425a

 

Origin

Heliotrope (Bloodstone, Jasper) derives its name from the Greek word “Helios” meaning “to turn” conveying the various ancient notions about the manner in which the mineral reflects light. It has been used in carved signet rings for the traditional birthstone for March.

It was also believed that by touching the stone it could stop bleeding. Legend denotes that the bloodstone was formed from the blood of Christ dripping on the green earth and solidifying. It was thought to bring change and use as an amulet to protect against the evil eye. It is a symbol of justice. Medieval Christians used bloodstone to carve scenes of the crucifixion and martyrs. A beautiful example is the seal of the German Emperor Rudolf II which can be seen in Louvre in Paris. Finely pulverised bloodstone is still used as a medicine and aphrodisiac in India.

Bloodstone can be found in Brazil, India, China, Australia and the United States.

Heliotrope is the mineral most commonly known as bloodstone. It is a form of chalcedony which is cryptocrystalline mixture of quartz meaning it cannot be distinguished by the naked eye as the crystals are too small. It is monoclinic polymorph morganite. Bloodstone commonly appears in green chalcedony with red inclusions of iron oxide or red jasper. The inclusions cans sometimes be yellow or plasma. Heliotrope is transparent with red in it while plasma is deep green, opaque with little or no red inclusions. It appears glassy to waxy with an inconsistent colour of green derived from chlorite particles while the red inclusions are caused by iron oxide.

A good quality of bloodstone is one which has solid dark green colour and visible veins of red. The most common shapes bloodstone occurs in are cabochon, cushion cut, emerald cut, octagonal, oval and round.

Physical

It improves physical strength, health and well-being. It is used to protect the immune system .it assists with blood and energy circulation in the body and helps remove blocks. It fortifies the lymph and bladder as well as with flu, colds, infections, inflammation and pus formation. It also helps fortify the liver, spleen and intestine.

Emotional

It enhances self-esteem and self-appreciation and calms anxiety. T promotes love for family and enhances wealth by improving the business. It aids setting boundaries and helps maintain control. It helps you to feel stronger sense of determination and help you regain your personal power. It helps build courage and strength of mind. It also raises self-esteem and was believed in ancient times to help avoid dangerous situations by becoming red in colour. The vibrations help you to dissipate confusion and become more peaceful and serene.

 

Attributes

Specifications

 

Mineral : Chalcedony
Geometric Form : Monoclinic
Formation : Secondary
Family: Quartz
Colour Ray: Red orange
Birthstone: March
Appearance: Red inclusions
Aura: Red & white
Colour: Green quartz with Red spots
Chakra: Heart/Root

 

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Chrysocolla


Chrysocolla – International Crystals Encyclopedia https://www.gemzworld.com/

 

 
 
Originthe place or situation from which something comes, the beginning of something’s existence, the point from which it starts out, the thing from which it is ultimately derived.
 

Chrysocolla is a crystal of secondary formation which is formed in the zones of oxidation of bodies of copper ore when the copper is dissolved out of rock by surface water containing silicic acid.

 

The structure of chrysocolla has been queried as some studies have indicated that the material within Chrysocolla contains chalcedony and copper hydroxide spertiniite yet it is widely specified as a hydrated copper cyclosilicate mineral.

 

Chrysocolla is mainly found as rounded or botryoidal crusts, masses and vein fillings.

 

All crystals belong to a different group according to the basis of the relationships of their axes. There are 7 systems and 32 classes of symmetry. Chrysocolla crystals belong to the Monoclinic system. PDF says Monoclinic yet wiki says Orthorhombic …confirm

 

 
Historythe past considered as a whole, the whole series of past events connected with someone or sometihing, a continuous typically chronological record of importance.
The term Chrysocolla is derived from two Greek words; Chrys, meaning gold and kolla, meaning glue; first used in 315 BC by Theophrastus.

 

The descriptive term is thought to be due to the Ancient Greeks using the mineral to fuse and solder gold together.

 

Other stories tell that Chrysocolla was used by Native Americans as a strength to body resistance and for its healing and calming powers.

 

Deposits of Chrysocolla are mainly found in Israel, Chile, Russia, Peru, Mexico, Nevada, Zaire and the DR of the Congo.

 

 

 

 

 

 
Specificationthe act of describing or identifying something precisely, a detailed description of the design and materials used to make something.
 

Chrysocolla stones are brittle to sectile and are very soft with a Mohs scale rating of 2.5 -3.5. They are dull to vitreous and opaque to transluscent and are found with an uneven, irregular , sub-conchoidal fracture.

 

As Chrysocolla stones are so soft they are not often used for jewellery, instead they are a fascinating collectors stone due to their attractive colour and appearance.

 

 
Varietiesa number or range of things of the same general class that are different or distinct in character or quality.
Associated minerals to Chrysocolla include and are not limited to;

 

  • Limonite
  • Malachite
  • Azurite
  • Quartz
  • Cuprite

 

 

 
Esoteric Attributesa quality or feature as characteristic of or possed by something.
Crystals by their very nature are able to receive and focus energy in different ways. Their molecular structure enables them to be used to amplify and convert energy and hence crystals have been used for centuries to aid healing and transmute energy both in the metaphysical and physical world.

 

Because each crystal family has different formational backgrounds, each also has different vibrtional frequencies that can be harnesed and used for specific purposes. Each therefore have specific qualities that can be used to help a person heal on the many different levels of their being.

 

The following is a list of healing attributes associated with Chrysocolla crystals.

 

Mental: Chrysocolla is a calming stone that helps to balance and keep cool in mentally trying situations and challenges.
 
Emotional: The stone is a fantastic aid to alleviate feelings of anger and stress. It also helps with feelings of blame and guilt; allowing you to understand and be aware of the emotional process.
 
Physical: Chrysocolla alleviates menstrual pain, cramps and fevers. The stone also strengthens the liver and soothes burns, scars and sore throats.
 

 

Crystal Chart – Chrysocolla

 

Crystal: Chrysocolla
Mineralogy: Hydrous Copper Ring Silicate
Geometric form: Monoclinic
Formation: Secondary
Family: Silicate
Birthstone: Chrysocolla is associated with the Astrological signs of Taurus, Virgo and Gemini.
Appearance: Brittle to sectile, vitreous to dull with a sub-conchoidal, uneven fracture.
Aura: Chrysocolla works as an energizer for the aura. It helps to restore balance when your levels are low. The stone dispels negative energies and promotes development and growth.
Colour: Colours range from white to beautiful hues of green, blue and teal.
Chakra: Chrysocolla crystals are aligned to the Heart Chakra to balance and strengthen truth and the Throat Chakra for wise communication.

 

 

 

International Crystals – References and resources:

 

Michael Gienger, Healing Crystals, Earthdancer Books, 2009

The Columbia Encyclopedia, Crystal, 6th ed. 2014

World of Earth Science, Quartz, 2003

Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology, Crystal Healing, 2001

http://gemstone-dictionary.com/birthstones-by-month.php

New Oxford American Dictionary

 

 

 

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Chrysoprase


Chrysoprase – International Crystals Encyclopedia https://www.gemzworld.com/

 

 
 
Originthe place or situation from which something comes, the beginning of something’s existence, the point from which it starts out, the thing from which it is ultimately derived.
Crysoprase is a nickel infiltrated variety of Chalcedony which is a cryptocrystalline form of silica. A cryptocrystalline crystal refers to the super fine composition of crystals that cannot be seen as distinct particles under normal magnification.

 

The crystal occurs due to the lateritization or deep weathering of ultramafic ophiolite rocks including nickeliferous serpentines. In some Australian formations, it can be found as nodules or veins with iron oxides, like brown geothite, below an iron and silica cap in the magnesite rich saprolite.

 

All crystals belong to a different group according to the basis of the relationships of their axes. There are 7 systems and 32 classes of symmetry. Chrysoprase crystals belong to the Trigonal system.

 

 
Historythe past considered as a whole, the whole series of past events connected with someone or sometihing, a continuous typically chronological record of importance.
In ancient times the Chrysoprase stone was associated with the Goddess Venus and was a representation of the divinity of truth and love. It has been mentioned as far back as 2000 years ago when the Roman Scholar, Pliny, wrote about its ‘inner glow’

 

The stone has been popularly worn throughout the ages by the Romans, Greeks and Egyptians. Popular stories tell of Cleopatra wearing Chrysoprase to keep her youth and Alexander the Great’s eleven year triumph being due to the fact he wore a Chrysoprase on his belt. In fact, when he lost it, it was said that he never won another battle and the crystal was reffered to as the victory stone.

 

The finest Chrysoprase is mined in Australia and other major deposits are found in Zimbabwe, India, Brazil, Russia among others.

 

 

 
Specificationthe act of describing or identifying something precisely, a detailed description of the design and materials used to make something.
Chrysoprase can be found in a variety of shapes and sizes and is glassy, vitreous, transparent to opaque with a rough, brittle fracture.

 

The clear, apple green type is the most sought however it can be found with irregular colours such as a white streak, and contain other fissures and impurities.

 

Chrysoprase is enhanced only through the cutting, tumbling and polishing process and is found widely in jewellery.

 

 
Varietiesa number or range of things of the same general class that are different or distinct in character or quality.
There are no significant varieties of Chrysoprase however it can be compared to Chrome Chalcedony which contains chromium, rather than nickel, to produce it’s colour.

 

 

 
Esoteric Attributesa quality or feature as characteristic of or possed by something.
Crystals by their very nature are able to receive and focus energy in different ways. Their molecular structure enables them to be used to amplify and convert energy and hence crystals have been used for centuries to aid healing and transmute energy both in the metaphysical and physical world.

 

Because each crystal family has different formational backgrounds, each also has different vibrtional frequencies that can be harnesed and used for specific purposes. Each therefore have specific qualities that can be used to help a person heal on the many different levels of their being.

 

The following is a list of healing attributes associated with Chrysoprase crystals.

 

Mental: Chrysoprase is said to help in the resolution of relationship issues. It is an aid in the breakdown of negative cycles.
 
Emotional: The crystal is known to dispel bitterness and fear. It gives rise to a sense of safety and trust. It also helps heartache, nightmares and jealousy.
 
Physical: Chrysoprase is known to help rheumatism, skin disease, epilepsy, fungal infections and allergies. It is a purifyer and used for detoxification purposes.
 

 

Crystal Chart – Chrysoprase

 

Crystal: Chrysoprase
Mineralogy: Chalcedony containing Nickel
Geometric form: Trigonal
Formation: Secondary
Family: Silicate
Birthstone: Chrysoprase is associated with the Astrological signs of Taurus and Libra.
Apperance: Transluscent to Opaque with a vitreous glassy appearance. The stone has a hardness on the Mohs Scale of 6-7 and a flint like conchoidal fracture.
Aura: Chyrsoprase promotes uplifting vibrations that bring joy and promote forgiveness. It is known to induce deep states of meditation that channels the energy of divinity. It is recommended that you keep this stone within the aura to obtain the best benefits from it.
Colour: Mainly apple green, yet can be found in a range of green and yellow hues dependant on the volumes of nickel trace within.
Chakra: Chyroprase is associated with the Heart, Sacral, Solar Plexus and Throat Chakras. Importantly, the crystal can open the Heart Chakra to a strong flow of Chi and allow it to receive a divine energy flow that is filled with universal love.

 

 

 

International Crystals – References and resources:

 

Michael Gienger, Healing Crystals, Earthdancer Books, 2009

The Columbia Encyclopedia, Crystal, 6th ed. 2014

World of Earth Science, Quartz, 2003

Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology, Crystal Healing, 2001

http://gemstone-dictionary.com/birthstones-by-month.php

New Oxford American Dictionary

 

 

 

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